Object used to contain the dialogue characters in comics speak. Also called speech balloons or bubbles.
Text that speaks directly to the reader. Frequently, the text appears below the comic panel, but it can be placed beside or above it as well.
Text or icons that represent what's going on in the character's head.
Text labels written on characters in comics. The label can be the character's name or a more general label that identifies the character as part of a general group.
Rectangles or squares in which a narrator or a character from the story shares special information with readers. Also known as narrative box or voice-over.
Text labels written on objects in comics. Signs may be used to identify an object or to provide more information that is important to the scene.
Words that indicate a sound that accompanies the comic panel.
Objects used to contain a character's thoughts. These text containers are sometimes called thought bubbles because of the trail of little bubbles that connect the thought balloon to the character in the comic.
Images that run outside the border of the panel.
Images that are shown in a large view. Frequently, close-ups focus on a character's face, but they can be used to highlight anything.
Images that are shown in very large view, often focusing on a small portion of a larger object or character. The image in a comic is drawn as if the artist as zoomed in very closely on the object or character.
Images that show objects or characters in very small scale. Frequently, extreme longshots are used to show a full landscape or a crowd of characters. Extreme longshots may show objects or characters that are a mile or more away.
An extreme longshot drawn from the perspective of someone above the characters or objects is called a bird's eye view. Worm's eye view describes an extreme longshot taken from below the objects or characters.
Images that show objects fully, from top to bottom. When a longshot focuses on characters, the panel shows the characters from head to toe. Readers can see the character's full body.
Images that are in reverse position from the previous panel. This technique is often used to show changes speaker or point of view..
The edge or outline of the comic page. Borders are also known as panel frames.
The space between the panels of the comic.
Panels where one or more, or even all, of the sides of the comic panel are open to show dramatic effect. Open panels are also known as borderless panels.
Rectangles or squares where the action of the comic is drawn.
A panel that takes up the space of several panels in the comic in order to introduce or highlight an action or character.
Splash panels are similar to splash pages, which takes up the whole page of a comic to help introduce or give special attention to battles or particular events.
How closely a picture is zoomed in.
Details in the picture that surround the main focus.
What is not shown in the picture.
The emotional landscape of the work.
The writer's attitude about the subject matter.
Point of View
Perspective of who the image is being seen by.
When images are placed next to each other for effect.