M.A's must be vigilant in the practive of infection control to promote the health and safety of patients, as well as members of the health care team.
Centers for disease control and prevention
occupational safety and health addministration
the study of infectious diseases
infinite numbers are presented everywhere, doorknobs bathrooms, ect..
some are helpful providing prtection and promotingthe survial of plants, animals and humans
microorganisms that causes diseaes , they are able to enter our body and mulitply causing us to get sick.
Viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, rickettsiae(lice, fleas,tics)
carriers such as insects and rodents.
conditions for microorganisms to survive
Proper nutrition, oxygen (some grow with, some grow without)
Temperature, proper pH, darkness, moisture( moisture provides a good enviroment for microorganisms to grow and mulitply. keep surfaces dry)
Stages of infections
invasion and miltiplication stage,( pathogenic enter the body and multiply no identifiable signs or symptoms.) Incubation stage( some diseaes have short incuation stage , some last for years.) Prodromal stage( the interval of time between the appearance of the first signs and the apperance of definitive signs such as fever and rash.) Acute stage ( reaches its peak, symptoms are well developed. declining stage(infection is still present but patients begins to return to previous state of health) Convalescent stage( patient recovers from infection and returns to original state.
The purpose of medical asepsis is to decrease the risk of spreading infection by blocking or destroying pathogens after leaving the body.
is the process by which contaminated instruments and fomites are cleansed and scrubbed to remove potentially infectious materials such as blood, body fluids, and tissue debris.
is the use of chemical agents to destroy pathogenics organisms.
is the complete destruction of all mircoorganisms and is the process that should be used on any instrument that will penetrate the skin.
to help control the trasmission of HIV and the hepatitis B virus in the health car setting
include the universal precautions, as well as an additional practice called body substance isolation (BSI)
All health care proffestionals use standard percautions.
Hepatitis B poses the greatest threat to health care workers and is more easily contracted then HIV. approximately 8,700 health care workers contract HBV each year, about 200 die as a result.
Ensure that employees work in a safe and healthy work environment.
Employeers must provide Gloves, masks, eye protection, and face shelids, also gowns approns and lab coats.
Blot the hands, wrist and forearms dry wiht a paper towel and discard the towel. turn the faucet off with a clean paper towel.
turn the right glove inside out over the other glove, dispose ot the contaminated gloves in a biohazard waste container, turning the glove inside out places contaminants on the inside away from the body