1. The wealthiest people in pre-Revolutionary America were primarily
Northern merchants and southern planters
2. The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) heightened the sectional crisis because it
Repealed the Missouri Compromise
3. During Reconstruction, Southern Blacks typically did which of the following?
Tilled farms as renters and sharecroppers
4. The Ordinances of 1785 and 1787 were notable accomplishments because they
Initiated a territorial policy that provided fore the orderly creation of new states.
5. The American Transcendentalists may best be characterized as which of the following?
A group of Northern intellectuals who shared a belief in the value of human intuition, the presence of divinity in nature, and an emotional comprehension of God
6. Of the following, which was the most importance cause of agrarian discontent in the Unites States in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
The feeling that the railroads were exploiting the farmers.
8. "Let me...warn you in the most solemn manner against the ruinous effects of the spirit of party...The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge natural to party dissension...is itself a frightful despotism." This statement reflected which of the following political positions?
George Washington's concern about the development of political parties during his administration.
9. Which of the following best characterizes the response of Great Britain and France to the American Civil War?
They saw advantages in a divided Union, but pursued cautious policies toward both sides.
10. Frances' support for the United States during the American Revolutionary War was motivated primarily by
A desire to weaken its rival, Great Britain
11. Thomas Jefferson opposed some of Alexander Hamilton's programs because Jefferson believed that
Hamilton's programs favored wealthy financial interests
12. Which of the following did NOT contribute to the United States decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812?
American military and economic preparedness for war
13. Which of the following provided sources of revenue for the federal government in the period form 1800 to 1860?
iii. Customs duties
iv. Land sales
14. The horizontal integration of American industry (i.e. one firm acquiring control of other firms that produce the same product) that occurred at the end of the nineteenth century was primarily a response to
15. Which of the following most accurately describes the attitude of seventeenth-century Puritans toward religious liberty?
They tolerated no one who's expressed religious views varied from their own views.
16. In part, President Lincoln refrained from taking action to emancipate slaves until the Civil War had been in progress for almost two years because
He sought to retain the loyalty of border states
17. Which of the following would have been most likely to support the presidential campaign of William Jennings Bryan in 1896?
A Kansas farmer
18. Which of the following statements is true about immigration to the United States during the last two decades of the nineteenth century?
Southern and Eastern Europeans came in larger numbers than earlier in the century.
20. All of the following conditions influenced the development of American agriculture during the first half of the nineteenth century EXCEPT
A widespread interest in conserving soil and natural resources
19. By the time of the Revolution, the American colonists had generally come to believe that creation of a republic would solve the problems of monarchical rule because a republic would establish
A small, limited government responsible to the people
21. President Jackson's Native American policy resulted in which of the following?
The removal of the Cherokee from the Southeast to settlements across the Mississippi
22. "...the descendants of African who were imported into this country, and sold as slaves...are not included, and were not indented to be included, under the word 'citizens' in the Constitution, and can there fore claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States." This passage is from which of the following?
Dred Scott v. Sanford
23. "In 1800 schoolchildren (ages 5-19) spend an average of only fourteen days in school each year. By 1850 this figure had nearly doubled, going to twenty-six days, and by 1860 it had risen to forty days per year, almost triple the figure for 1800. By 1860 the literacy rate at age twenty had attained modern levels, exceeding ninety percent among Whites." This passage describes results brought about chiefly through
State and local efforts on behalf of public schools
24. In which year would the population of an Atlantic seacoast city most likely have appeared as follows?
25. All of the following were considered legitimate functions of the federal government in the late nineteenth century EXCEPT
Assuring the welfare of the poor and unemployed
26. In the history of American transportation, the canal era occurred during which of the following periods?
27. Which of the following is a correct statement about the use of slave labor in colonial Virginia?
It spread rapidly in the late seventeenth century, as Blacks displaced White indentured servants in the tobacco fields.
28. The French and Indian War was a pivotal point in America's relationship to Great Britain because it led Great Britain to
Impose revenue taxes on the colonies
29. Deists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries believed that
Natural laws, set by the Creator, govern the operation of the universe
31. A proposal for the uncompensated emancipation of American slaves was advanced by
William Lloyd Garrison in The Liberator in 1831
32. The "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" issued by the Seneca Falls Convention demanded
Greater rights for women
33. In the pre-Civil War era, the railroad's most important impact on the economy was the
Accessibility to Eastern urban markets provided to Midwestern farmers
34. The North's advantages over the South at the outbreak of the Civil War included all of the following EXCEPT
Greater agreement over war aims
35. The main issue raised for historians by the differing reports of Henry's speech is the
Credibility of historical evidence
36. Which of the following facts casts the greatest doubt on the accuracy of Jefferson's note confirming the concluding phrase in Henry's speech?
Jefferson's note was written fifty-two years after the speech was delivered.
37. The mercantilist system in the eighteenth century led to
The subordination of the colonial economy to that of the mother country
38. The tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy were distinctive in that they
Formed the most important Native American political organization to confront the colonists
39. A major defect in the national government established by the Articles of Confederation was that it lacked
The authority to tax
40. All of the following statements about the delegates to the Pennsylvania state convention to ratify the United States Constitution are supported by the data in the table above EXCEPT:
The size of each occupational group was probably proportionate to its size in the Pennsylvania population.
41. Early American diplomats to European nations often gained advantages for the United States by
Exploiting European rivalries
42. The hostility of the Know-Nothing party was directed primarily against
Irish and German Catholic immigrants
43. The term "cult of domesticity" refers to
The idealization of women in their roles as wives and mothers during the nineteenth century
44. An important reason for the proclamation of the Monroe Doctrine was to
Protect republican institutions of government in the Western Hemisphere
45. Which of the following most likely increased Mexican suspicion of United States territorial objectives in the 1830's and 1840's?
Rhetoric on "manifest destiny" in the American press
46. Which of the following would most likely have said, "...children should be children as long as they can"?
A mid-nineteenth-century educational reformer
47. In the presidential campaign of 1860, which of the following positions was asserted by the Republican party platform with respect to slavery?
The extension of slavery to United States territories should be prohibited by the federal government, but slavery should be protected in the states where it already existed.
48. All of the following elements of the Radical Republican program were implemented during Reconstruction EXCEPT
Provision of 40 acres to each freedman
49. The second Sioux War (1875-1876), which saw the defeat of Custer at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, was caused by all of the following EXCEPT
A concentrated effort on the part of the major Protestant denominations to convert the Sioux to Christianity
50. Which of the following was a widely held belief among the Founding Fathers of the United States?
Widespread ownership of property is a bulwark of republican government.
51. Which of the following is correct abut the tariffs passed during the period 1816-1828?
They were the first tariffs whose major purpose was protection.
52. Which of the following had the greatest impact on the institution of slavery in the United States in the first quarter of the nineteenth century?
Invention of the cotton gin
53. The nullification controversy of 1832-1833 was significant, in part, because it
Enhanced Andrew Jackson's reputation as a strong president
54. The establishment of Brook Farm and the Oneida Community in the antebellum United States reflected
The blossoming of perfectionist aspiration
55. "From the beginning of the settlement of America, the frontier regions have exercised a steady influence toward democracy...American democracy is fundamentally the outcome of the experience of the American people in dealing with the West..." These statements are part of a historical theory known as
The Turner thesis
56. The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 provided for
Temporary Union military supervision of the ex-Confederacy
57. In the late nineteenth-century controversy over the social and religious implications of Darwinian theory, all of the following popular beliefs were felt to be threatened by Darwin EXCEPT the
Reality of change in the world
58. The Whigs of the 1830's and 1840's differed from the Jacksonian Democrats in that the Whigs
Supported the American System of Henry Clay
59. All of the following statements about pre-Civil War American slavery are true EXCEPT:
Because of the relative ease with which slaves could gain their freedom by manumission or by purchase, the proportion of freedmen to slaves was almost equal in many areas of the South.
60. The anticombination laws passed by numerous states in the late 1880's were a response to which of the following organizational innovations?
The use of stockholding trusts to create business oligopolies
61. Which of the following is a correct statement about the Gilded Age?
Business activity expanded and contracted frequently.
62. After 1763, changes in the British imperial system threatened the interests of which of the following groups of American colonists?
i. Land speculators with interests west of the Appalachians
ii. Newspaper editors and lawyers
iii. Farmers wishing to settle in the Ohio River valley
iv. Boston smugglers
64. Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that
Political participation by the common man should be increased
65. President Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to
Warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere
66. Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?
Turnpikes and canals
67. Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?
The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
68. Which of the following was a serious constitutional question after the Civil War?
The political and legal status of the former Confederate states
69. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) did which of the following?
Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans.
71. France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new American nation in 1778 following
The defeat of the British General Burgoyne at Saratoga
72. Which of the following is true of the case of Marbury v. Madison?
It affirmed the principle of judicial review
73. After the Revolution, the concept of "republican mother" suggested that
Women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the republic.
74. All of the following accurately describe Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France EXCEPT:
It ended the threat of American Indian raids on western settlements.
75. President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he
Feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery
76. The Republican Party originated in the mid-1850s as a sectional party committed to which of the following?
Immediate emancipation of the slaves
78. In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700s?
All the colonies
79. In the United States, the Haitian rebellion of the 1790s prompted
An increased fear of slave revolts in the South
80. Which of the following statements about African American soldiers during the Civil War is correct?
For most of the war, they were paid less than White soldiers of equal rank.
81. Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the work force of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by
82. Which of the following was true of the United States Constitution as adopted at the Constitutional Convention?
It was built on a series of compromises.
83. The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?
Reducing the scope of activities of the federal government
84. The Wilmot Proviso specifically provided for
The prohibition of slavery in lands acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War
85. The Missouri Compromise did which of the following?
Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state.
86. All of the following contributed to discontent among soldiers in the Continental Army EXCEPT:
Most soldiers were draftees
87. Jacob Riis' How the Other Half Lives is a study of
Immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890s
90. The most unpopular and leas successful of President Thomas Jefferson's policies was his
Adherence to neutrality in dealing with England and France
91. Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision?
National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.
92. The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullman's
Cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rents
93. All of the following contributed to the growth of the free African American population in the United States in the early nineteenth century EXCEPT
Federal constitutional provisions for emancipation
95. Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century, women reformers were most active in the cause of
96. Which of the following was true of most Puritans who emigrated to seventeenth-century New England?
They considered themselves non-Separatists
97. The Federalist papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that
A large republic offered the best protection of minority rights
98. In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, American agriculture was characterized by
An increase in acres under cultivation
99. Which of the following statements about Africans brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true?
They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa.
100. Pinckney's Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it
Allowed the United States to use the port of New Orleans
101. The immediate effect of Andrew Jackson's attack on the Second Bank of the United States in 1834 was
An expansion of credit and speculation
102. The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to
Avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians
103. By the 1750s, the British colonies on the North American mainland were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
Disdain for British constitutional monarchy
104. "Let Southern oppressors tremble...I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisement...I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice." The author of the statement above was
William L. Garrison
105. After four westward voyages to the New World, Christopher Columbus believed that he had reached
106. All of the following were diseases brought to the New World by European explorers and colonizers EXCEPT
107. Of the African slaves brought to the New World by Europeans from 1492 through 1770, the vast majority were shipped to
109. The powerful Aztec empire that the Spaniards encountered in the 16th Century was the heir to which earlier Mesoamerican civilizations?
Olmecs and Mayas
110. All of the following European powers competed for control of the Caribbean during the 17th Century EXCEPT
112. One of the most important reasons that the Virginia colony at Jamestown survived its first few years was the
Support of the Algonquin Indians
113. One reason that relations between English colonists and Indians deteriorated in the Chesapeake By region during the 17th Century was the
Spread of tobacco farming
114. Which of the following colonies were founded as haven for oppressed religious minorities?
Massachusetts Bay and Pennsylvania
115. One of the most significant differences between the early 17th Century colonist in Massachusetts Bay and those in Chesapeake Bay was that
Women had significantly more property in Massachusetts Bay than in Chesapeake Bay
116. Massachusetts Bay colonists fought a war with the Pequot Indians in 1637 after
English settlers threatened the Pequots' power in New England
117. Anne Hutchinson threatened the established order in Massachusetts Bay by advocating
A covenant of grace
118. The colonies which were the most important havens for Quakers during the 17th Century were Pennsylvania and
119. England began to establish colonies in the New World during the 16th Century for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to
Grow cotton for England's textile industry
120. Slave owners drew on the African skills of their slaves in all of the following areas EXCEPT
121. The most successful and longest-lasting Indian resistance movement in colonial North America was the
122. European colonists in South Carolina during the 17th and 18th centuries were dependent on Indian labor to supply
Deerskins and Indian slaves
123. King Philip's War, fought between colonists in New England and Wampanoags in 1675, was initiated because of
Colonial encroachments on tribal lands
124. The Half Way Covenant was created by the Puritan hierarchy to
Give partial membership in the church to those who were not yet completely converted
125. Which of the following assumptions is a central part of mercantilism?
The goal of each nation was to become self-sufficient
126. Which of the following is an accurate statement about colonial society in the mid-18th Century?
The vast majority lived in rural areas
127. An educational profile of the population of British North America in the 18th Century would reveal that
The vast majority of colonists could neither read nor write
128. The Great Awakening which swept the colonies from the 1730s through the 1770s is best described as an example of
129. During the mid-18th Century, all of the following crises challenged the political status of the colonies EXCEPT
The Pequot War in New England
130. During the 1760s, political friction increased between the colonies and the British government because the colonies generally believed that
The British could tax the colonists only with their consent
131. "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise." This quotation from the 18th Century reflects a contemporary attitude of
132. In the decade following the end of the Seven Years War, one of the major challenges to political leaders in the British North American colonies was to
Find ways to let toe colonies control internal affairs while remaining subject to the British empire
133. To Britain's Parliament, the Townshend Acts of 1767 appeared to be similar to the Navigation Acts. To many colonists, however, the Townshend Acts were unacceptable because they
Raised money to pay for royal officials stationed in the colonies
134. One of the most important long-term political activities of the Daughters of the Liberty was
Spinning their own cloth
135. Parliament enacted the Tea Act of 1773 primarily to
Save the East India Company from bankruptcy
136. "The Declaration of Rights and Grievances" enacted by the First Continental Congress was written in direct response to the
137. The American treaty with France in 1778 brought all of the following benefits to the American cause during the Revolutionary War EXCEPT
Spain entered the war as an ally of the United States
138. Americans benefited greatly from the 1783 Treaty of Paris between the United States and Britain essentially because
The United States was granted independence unconditionally
139. In 1776, when Abigail Adams implored her husband, John Adams, to "Remember the Ladies" as he created a new government, she argued that
Women would not feel bound to support the laws of a government in which they had no actual representation
140. Which of the following is an accurate statement about the status of African-Americans in the United States during the two decades following the Revolutionary War?
Boston and Philadelphia were considered the most hospitable cites by free blacks
141. In the 1770s, the chief aim of those who wrote the new state constitutions was to
Prevent state governments from becoming tyrannical
142. The United States under the Articles of Confederation was called a "firm league of friendship" because
The national government was not given the authority to demand that states act together
143. All of the following were problems encountered by the government of the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT
Excessive centralization of power in the Congress
145. In 1795 the Treaty of Greenville between the United States and the Miami Confederacy established the principle that
Indian tribes had sovereignty over lands not formally ceded to the US
146. The question whether to count slaves for the purpose of allocating representatives to each state under the Constitution was resolved with the decision that
Three-fifths of the slaves would be counted
147. The Second Amendment guaranteed the right to "keep and bear arms" because of the need for
A well regulated militia
148. Many historians believe that in order to gain the support of the South in 1790 for his controversial financial plans, Alexander Hamilton offered to
Locate the national capital in Virginia
149. The Democratic-Republican societies, one of the earliest groups of political dissenters, were first organized in opposition to
Washington's foreign policies
150. In his Farewell Address of 1796, President Washington urged the nation to avoid
152. Which three new states entered the United States in the first decade after the Constitution was ratified?
Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee
154. Chief Justice John Marshall first established the principle that the Supreme Court could determine the constitutionality of Congressional actions in the case of
Marbury v. Madison
155. In his campaign for reelection in 1804, President Jefferson claimed credit for all of the following EXCEPT
Enacting the Alien and Sedition Acts
156. President Thomas Jefferson claimed success in protecting American trading rights as a result of conflict with
157. One of the unexpected results of the Hartford Convention was the
Swift decline of the Federalist Party
159. One important part of the American System promoted by Henry Clay was based on the assumption that
The federal government should promote industry
160. The economic hard times which followed the conclusion of the War of 1812 were largely the result of
Widespread speculation and easy credit
161. Which of the following accurately reflects the population of the United States between 1790 and 1830?
The population increased by almost one-third each decade
162. The American system of manufacturing was unique in the worldwide Industrial Revolution because of its reliance on
Precision machinery and interchangeable parts
163. Between 1800 and 1820, the land policy of the United States government
Halted the sale of western land to ordinary people
164. During the first decade of the 19th Century, two Shawnee leaders, Tecumseh and the Prophet, worried the leaders of the United States because they
Engaged in a reign of terror on the frontier
165. Which of the following men became a national hero as a result of the Battle of New Orleans?
166. In 1808, the status of slavery was changed significantly when
The importation of slaves was ended
167. Noah Webster's contribution to developing an educated and enlightened citizenry was
A simplified and Americanized system of spelling
168. One characteristic of the nation's economy during the period from 1800-1860 was that per capita income
Doubled and the price of goods fell
169. In Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837), the Supreme Court influenced the direction of the economy by ruling that
New enterprises could not be restrained by old charters
170. Between 1815 and 1860, almost three-quarters of the money invested in canals was supplied by
171. The most important industry in the nation during the two decades before the Civil War was
172. By 1850, free African-Americans generally
Were descendants of slaves emancipated in the 1780s and 1790s
173. The status of slavery was influenced in 1832 when the state of Virginia
Debated the abolition of slavery
174. In an attempt to make the governments of southern states more responsive to the interests of yeoman farmers, reformers instituted all of the following EXCEPT
Gradual emancipation of slaves
176. Between 1800 and 1860, the region with the fastest growing urban population was
The Middle Atlantic states
177. One of the major reasons for the persistent mass violence in the 1830s and 1840s was
Social and economic tensions in society
178. In Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville described the growth of an aristocracy in the United States based on
179. During the first thirty years of the 19th Century, which of the following occupations employed an increasingly large number of working women?
180. Between 1820 and 1860, the largest number of immigrants to the United States migrated from
181. One reason why German immigrants in the early 19th Century were accepted more readily than Irish immigrants was that
Many Germans were middle class
182. Of the "Five Civilized Tribes" forced to move west in the 1830s, the tribe which resisted relocation the most successfully was the
184. The American Female Moral Reform Society led an important crusade in the 1830s to
Lobby for actions against men who led woman into prostitution
186. "I am in earnest—I will not equivocate—I will not excuse—I will not retreat a single inch—and I will be heard." The quotation expresses the sentiment of which group interested in the subject of slavery?
187. One reason that the annexation of Texas became a complicated political issue was that
Abolitionists opposed adding another slave state
188. Which of the following arguments did opponents against the Second Bank of the United States use?
i. It did not distribute tax money throughout the nation
ii. It checked the growth of local banks
iii. It had too much power
iv. It was unresponsive to financial crises
v. It was undemocratic
189. When abolitionists warned the nation about "Slave Power," they referred to a group of
Southern slave holders intent on controlling the nation
191. In the treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo, which ended the war with Mexico, the United States agreed to which of the following?
The United States would pay Mexico $15 million
192. The idea of popular sovereignty was based on the assumption that
The residents of a territory should determine the status of slavery
193. Which of the following was a feature of the Compromise of 1850?
A new fugitive slave act was passed by Congress
194. The Kansas-Nebraska Act profoundly influenced the national discussion of slavery by
Formally repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820
195. In 1860, the Republican Party attracted large numbers of voters from all of the following constituencies EXCEPT
196. John Brown first came to the attention of the American public when he
Murdered pro-slavery settlers in Kansas
197. All of the following are accurate statements about the Dred Scott Supreme Court decision of 1857 EXCEPT
No precedent existed which allowed the federal government to regulate slavery in a territory.
198. When Stephen Douglass proposed the Freeport Doctrine during the debates with Abraham Lincoln in 1858, he was trying to
Revive the idea of popular sovereignty
200. All of the following are accurate statements about the era of the California Gold Rush EXCEPT
The environment was unaffected by mining
201. The migration of Americans to the west coast between 1848 and 1850 affected the pattern of settlement along the Pacific coast by
Changing the final point of destination for most migrants from Oregon to California
202. "Rise, sisters of temperance!-we must not delay-
Our mission is bold, and we must away;
We'll gird on our armor tho' frail it may be,
And trust that the "Maine Law" will soon set us free"
In the above quotation from 1855, the "Maine Law" refers to a law affecting
sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages
203. Which statement accurately reflects the status of manufacturing by 1860?
Manufacturing accounted for one-third of the nation's total production
204. In 1850, Henry Clay and other senators negotiated a compromise which balanced sectional views on all of the following EXCEPT:
The importation of slaves into the US
205. During the year 1860, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
The Supreme Court issued its decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford
206. In 1853, Congress expanded the size of the United States by purchasing land in which area?
207. Which of the following women was both a leading abolitionist and an organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention in the late 1840s?
208. Which statement accurately reflects the conditions of antebellum white women in the South?
The rate at which they gave birth was one-third greater than the national average
210. The earliest successful blockade of the South by the Union navy during the Civil War was off the coast of
211. During the Civil War, one aspect of the Southern economy was that
Many women became heads of households
212. During the Civil War, the United States Congress adopted a policy towards banks designed to
Establish a national banking system
213. When President Lincoln first advocated an end to slavery, he recommended all of the following EXCEPT:
United States citizenship for freed slaves
214. In the Emancipation Proclamation, President Lincoln announced that as of January 1st, 1863, he would free slaves in
States in rebellion against the United States
215. At the Hampton Roads Conference of February 1865, President Lincoln
Offered generous terms to the South for a post-war settlement
216. The two critical battles of July 1863 which signaled defeat for the Confederacy were
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
217. The central part of President Lincoln's plan for post-war Reconstruction was that
10% of those who voted in 1860 must take a loyalty oath
218. Radical Republicans opposed President Johnson's approach to Reconstruction for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
Southern states were slow to repudiate secession
219. The Radical branch of the Republican Party was able to influence decisions of Congress during much of Reconstruction because
The actions of President Johnson and the Democrats encouraged Radical Republicans and moderate Republicans to work together
220. President Johnson was impeached by Congress following his attempt to
Remove Secretary of War Stanton
221. During Reconstruction in the South, the political impact of what conservatives called "Negro rule" was that African-Americans
Participated in politics but they did not dominate events
222. Beginning in the late 1860s, the influence of African-American voters and black officials decreased largely do to
White violence against black political activists
223. The symbolic end to Reconstruction occurred in 1877 when
Federal troops were withdrawn from the South
224. The four slave states which remained in the Union during the Civil War were
Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland and Delaware
225. In its Declaration of Causes of Secession of December 1860, South Carolina charged that fourteen states "have deliberately refused for years past to fulfill their constitutional obligations." The part of the Constitution to which the South Carolina Declaration referred was the
226. All of the following occurred in 1876 EXCEPT the
Completion of the first transcontinental railroad line
229. Which of the following accurately describes the Chinese population in the United States in 1860?
There were almost twenty times as many Chinese men compared to the number of Chinese women
230. As Secretary of State for President Lincoln, William H. Seward pursued a foreign policy that promoted
A worldwide American empire
231. In what ways did the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 affect the status of American Indians?
Attendance at religious schools was mandatory
232. Hardships endured by farm families who settled on the Great Plains during the 1870s and 1880s included all of the following EXCEPT
Interference by the federal government
233. During the late 19th Century, "open range" ranching existed in areas where ranchers
Allowed their cattle to graze on public lands
234. The crop lien system which influenced southern agriculture within twenty years after the Civil War was based on the idea that farmers
Would purchase supplies using a portion of a future crop as collateral
236. During the late 19th Century, vertical integration specifically allowed businesses to
Expand their control over production and distribution as well as manufacturing
238. In 1894, President Cleveland sent United States troops to Chicago to end a strike at the Pullman Palace Car Company, citing the responsibility of the federal government specifically to
Protect the mail
239. Which of the following 19th Century labor organizations had a firm policy accepting black workers as members?
International Workers of the World
240. During the late 19th Century, the nation's major cities demonstrated all of the following EXCEPT:
The expansion of most cities was carefully planned
241. During the last quarter of the 19th Century, the most significant source of population growth in American cities was
Immigration from abroad
242. The Social Gospel movement of the late 19th Century emphasized
Social responsibility as a means to salvation
243. During the last quarter of the 19th Century, all of the following sports were popular EXCEPT:
244. During the last quarter of the 19th Century, Americans show business flourished in all of the following mediums EXCEPT:
245. All of the following examples of popular literature were products of the second half of the 19th Century EXCEPT:
Edgar Rice Burrough's Tarzan of the Apes
246. The Civil Service movement of the 1880s was designed specifically to challenge
The spoils system
247. One of the most prominent ideas associated with the Grange movement of the 1870s was