terrorism

46 terms by mccrearkl 

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like rachels basically but with more from the ppt

Terrorism

the unlawful use of force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, religious, or idealoigal goals

premeditated

characteristic of terrorism: planned in advance rather than an impulsive act of rage

political

characteristic of terrorism: not criminal like violence that such as the mafia use to get money, but designed to change the existing political order

aimed at civilians

characteristic of terrorism: not aimed at military targets or combat-ready troops

sub-national groups

characteristic of terrorism: not carried out by the army of a country

terrorism

the intentional, rational, and targeted use of violence

fear

terrorism is intended to cause what in people

false

t/f attacks geared at specific victim

behavior

goal is to change ___ in government or society

attention

goal is to bring ____ to the cause

political

the goals are _____

yes

y/n Rules of international law governing military combat and tactics are not observed

Reign of Terror

where the word "terrorism" was first coined

French

practiced government sponsored terrorism to maintain the balance of power

Anarchists

practiced individual terrorism to change the government by targeting specific people

Russian Revolution

expanded government sponsored terrorism, used terror on a mass scale to control population

Irish Rebellion

used selective terrorism by using terror on government representatives

End of World War II

use of terrorism to prevent colonialism against government and "collaborator" civilians

Middle East Conflict/Cold War

internationalization terrorism practiced to unify different terrorist groups and was the advent of state sponsored terrorism

The Middle East

practiced religious motivated terrorism like the suicide bomber and martyrdom, terrorism to protect Islam and fight the christian West

Mass Destruction

type of terrorism that uses weapons that cause structural damage to buildings or other structures, attempts to cause damage to infastructures or society

Mass Casualty

uses weapons that cause massive death, goal is to cause death rather than destruction of buildings

Mass Disruption

weapons that cause social, political, or economic damage to society, goal to psychologically impact broader society to change behavior

Objective Driven

an act commited in order to get certain demands met by a government

Hostage taking

an example of objective driven terrorism

Terror Driven

an act committed as retalliation for a percieved wrong or as a warning of future incidents if the intended audience does not comply with the demands of the perpetrator

WTC and Pentagon attacks

an example of terror driven attack

anyone

who can be a victim to terrorism

no

y/n targets are random

publicity

what do attack need in order to get the word out

true

t/f everything cant be protected at alll times

IRA, Kurdistan WP, Basques, PLO

Nationalists

Al-Qaeda and Hammas

Religious

Hezbollah and Abu Nidal

State Sponsored

Nov. 17, Tupac Amaru, ELF

Left WIng

KKK and Neo Nazi hate groups

Right WIng

groups existed in the late 1800s and early 1900s with not organized groups left

Anarchists

AOC, Shining Path, Taliban

Narco

unknown

Cyber

Iran, Syria, Cuba, N. Korea, Sudan

the states that sponsor terrorism

Goal of terrorism

to instill fear in a group or change its behavior

Warfare

the act is the objective, no intent to change behavior, or instill fear in a group beyond the project

no

is this terrorism? A nation assassinates another nation's leader in order to replace him with another.

yes

is this terrorism? An abortion doctor is killed as a warning to other doctors who commit abortions

Afghanistan, Colombia, Chechnya, Pakistan, Indonesia, Philippines, Syria, Palestine, Somalia, Yemen, Iraq, Lebanon

examples of havens for terrorists

poor government, rough terrain, tribal rivalries, ethnic/ religious divisions, poverty, corruption

why does terrorism orignate in the places it does?

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