AP Euro Ch. 13

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why the puritans fled England

Because James I became determined to maintain and enhance the Anglican episcopy

The Petition of Right

forbade forced loans without the consent of Parliament

Charles I did not call Parliament from 1629 until 1640 when

England went to war with Scotland

One of the notorious extra-Parliamentary taxes of Charles I was called

ship money

the policy of "thorough" refers to

Charles I's attempt at strickt efficiency and administrative centralization

Charles I's major opposition in Parliament came from

JOhn Pym

The "Long Parliament"

refers to the Parliament called after Scottish invasion in 1640, and resolved that Parliament could not be dissolved without itis own consent

The major accomplishment of the Long Parliament

a declaration of political and religious rights against royal government

All of these contributed to the decline of the Netherlands as a European power except

the Spanish invasion

Roundheads

supporters of parliament

cavaliers

supporters of Charles

Parlilament's victory was because of the

Scottish alliance and Cromwell's military reforms

The Hohenzollerns made a powerful state of...

Prussia

"Rump Parliament"

abolished the House of Lords, abolished the Anglican church, and consisted of less than 50 members

England was officially called __ from 1649 to 1660, but was in fact a military despotism

Puritan republic led by Cromwell

Cromwell's official title

Lord Protector

Parlieament readily supported the monarchy of Charles II because of

dissatisfaction with Cromwell's Puritan republic

Charles II was

a man of considerable charm and political skill

Clarendon Code was a series of laws which

excluded Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, adn Independents from the political life of the nation

Peter the Great was threatened by a plot by his

son

Peter the Great's policies were aimed at

reducing the power of the nobility

Test Act of 1672

was aimed at Charles II's brother, James, required all subjects to swear an oath against the doctrine of transubstantiation, and was passed by Parliament

Popish Plot

was the hysteria surrounding a supposed attempt to execute Charles II

Charles II ___ in his last years of reign

did not call Parliament

The goal of James II's domestic policies was to

subject English institutions to the pwoer of the monarchy

Politically, the Glorious Revolution replaced

James II with William III of Orange and Mary II

"Traditional liberties" that William of Orange's invasion preserved were

the Anglican church and Parliamentary government

The Gloriouso Revolution

provided religious tolerance for Protestants, but not for Catholics

The Act of Settlement of 1701

provided for the English crown to go to the House of Hanover if Anne was not survived by her children

The Russian Czar was responsible for the Europeanization of Russia was

Peter the Great

France differed from England in its political development in the seventeenth century by

moving toward an absolute monarchy

Under Louis XIII, the government was run by

Cardinal Richelieu, who promoted campaigns against the Huguenots

"one king, one law, one faith" was policy of

Louis XIV

Louis XIV's success in expanding the French monarchy depended on gaining the support of:

the nobility

the basic problem facing the Habsburg Empire was

diverse culture

Which best characterizes the policies of Richelieu

support the Catholic cause at home, but the Protestant cause in Germany

which prase best sums up the spirit of Louis XIV's government?

I am the state

The Fronde was

a rebellion of French nobility and townspeople

Louis XIV held court at

Versailles

the dominant political power of the Muslim world in the 16 and 17 centuries was the

Ottomans

Louis XIV's brilliant master of finance was

Colbert

Jansenists were

Catholics whose ideas were considered by Louis XIV

The revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV

led to the emigration of a quarter million French, was a major blunder of Louis' reign, and closed Protestant schools and exiled Protestant ministers

Peter the Great built a western style navy on the

Baltic Sea

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