anatomy cancer vocab

28 terms by cbohne10

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aniogenesis

formation of blood vessles in the extraembryonic mesoderm of yolk sac; connecting stalk and chorion at the beginning of the third week of development

benign

non threatening

biopsy

removal of a sample of living tissue for microscopic examination to help diagnose disease

bone marrow

fatty tissue that fills the cavities of bones

carcinogen

chemical substance or radiation that causes cancer

carcinoma

malignant and invasive epithelial tumor that spreads by metastasis and often reaccures after excursion; cancer.

cell cycle

growth and division of single cell into two identical cells, consists of interphase and cell division.

cytotoxic

a substance that has a toxic effect on certain cells

epidemiology

study of occurrence and transmission of diseases and disorders in human populations.

etiology

the study of the causes of disease

grade

a degree or step in a scale, as of rank, advancement, quality, value or intensity

hyperplasia

abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in a tissue or organ increases its size.

incidence

rate or range of occurrence or influence of something especially of something unwanted.

lesion

any localized, abnormal change in body tissue

malignant

get worse and become deadly; cancer

melanoma

skin growth; cancerous

metastasis

the spread of cancer to surrounding tissues or to other body sites

morbidity

morbid state or quality.

mortality

state or condition of being subject to death; mortal character, nature or existence

mutagen

a substance or preparation capable of inducing mutation

mutations

any change in the sequence of bases in a DNA molecule resulting in some inheritable trait.

necrosis

a pathological type of cell death that results from disease, injury or lack of food supply in which many adjacent cells swell, burst and spill their contents into the interstitial fluid triggering an inflammatory response

oncogene

cancer causing gene

prognosis

a forecast of the probable results of a disorder; the outlook for recovery

proto-oncogene

gene responsibly for some aspect of normal growth and development; may transform into an oncogene, gene capable of causing cancer

sarcoma

any of various malignant tumors composed of neoplastic cells resembling embryonic connective tissue

tumor suppressor gene

a gene coding for a protein that normally inhibits cell division; loss or alteration of a tumor suppressor gene called 'pg. 53' is the most common genetic change in a wide variety of cancer cells

tumor

excess tissue that develops when cells in a part of the body divide without control.

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