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FDR and New Deal

President Roosevelt signed in this program to help with the problems that stemmed from the Great Depression. The goals were 1) Provide relief for the needy 2)help the economy recover 3) create financial reform

The Great Depression

The Great Depression was an economic depression notable for its duration and intensity that struck the world from 1929-1933. Recovery was a long and difficult process.

CCC

Civilian Conservation Corps. It was Relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.

TVA

(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.

WPA

Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII

AAA

Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II

NRA

National Recovery Administration: established and adminstered a system of industrial codes to control production, prices, labor relations, and trade practices

Brain Trust

Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression

American Federation Of labor

Federation of craft labor unions lead by Samuel Gompers that arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor

Court Packing

Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs.

Deficit Spending

spending money raised by borrowing

Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women

Mary Mcleod Bethune

United States educator who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans (1875-1955)

Harold Ickles

...

Charles Coughlin

In 1930 he began radio broadcasts of his sermons, into which he gradually injected reactionary political statements and anti-Semitic rhetoric.

Huey Long

As senator in 1932 of Washington preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. It was a 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes in excess of $5 million. With this money Long proposed to give every American family a comfortable income, etc

Frances Perkins

(born Fanny Coralie Perkins, lived April 10, 1882 - May 14, 1965) was the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet. As a loyal supporter of her friend Franklin D. Roosevelt, she helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition

Harry Hopkins

A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration. He helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans. p778

Frances Townshend

...

Alfred Landon

govenor from kansas who ran for president against Roosevelt in 1936 election; didn't except Social Security Act

"Hundred Days"

the special session of Congress that Roosevelt called to launch his New Deal programs. The special session lasted about three months: 100 days.,

Glass-Stegall Act

made loans more available; released 750 million in gold; countered effect of foreign withdrawl and domestic hording of gold of gold; largened supply of credit

Dust Bowl

Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.

George W. Norris

The Senator of Nebraska in 1930s, he encouraged enterprising by forming the Tennesse Valley Authority in 1933. (pg. 785).

Fireside Chats

The informal radio conversations Roosevelt had with the people to keep spirits up. It was a means of communicating with the people on how he would take on the depression.

20th Amendment

reduce the amount of time between the election of the President and Congress and the beginning of their terms.

Securities and Exchange Commission

Government agency having primary responsibility for enforcing the Federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry. It protected investors, listened to complaints, issued licenses and penalized fraud.

Social Security

federal program of disability and retirement benefits that covers most working people

American Liberty League

Anti New Deal organization to "teach necessity of respect for the rights of person and property"

Justice Roberts

Supreme Court justice whose "switch in time" to support New Deal legislation helped undercut FDR's Court-packing scheme

Schecter Case

a Supreme Court case involving alleged NRA code violations by the Schechter brothers, who operated a wholesale poultry business in Brooklyn, NY. The Court ruled unanimously that they were not engaged in interstate commerce, (not subject for federal regulation, and that Congress had unconstitutionally delegated legislative powers to the president to draft the NRA codes. The justices struck down the legislation establishing the agency.

Grapes of Wrath

John Steinbeck's novel about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America

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