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world history review.

Homer

blind poet who wrote the Odyssey and Iliad

Zeus

a greek god, greeks believed he was the most powerful god

Monarchy

a single person, called a king, ruled in government

Draco

the person who made all Atheniens equal under the law

Solon

the person who made debt slavery illegal

Aeschylus

wrote greek trageties, wrote more then 80 plays, including the oresteia

Marathon

a battle where the greeks beat the Persians and the Pheidippides ran to Athens to tell the news

Salamis

a naval battle where the greeks beat the Persians, it was the end of the Persian War

Direct Democracy

a form of government in which the citizens rule directly, not through representatives

Filal Piety

a practice of respect for their parents and ancestors, taught by Confucius

Oracle Bones

animal bones and tortoise shells on which priests had scratched questions for the gods

Dynastic Cycle

rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties, historical pattern

Fuedalism

a political system which nobles or lords are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king, peasants work for nobles for protection

Cyrus

Persia's king, greatly expanded the Persian empire, freed the Jews

Archaeologist

specially trained scientists who work like detectives to uncover the story of prehistoric people

Fossil

evidence of early life preserved in rocks

Technology

ways of applying knowledge

Nomad

highly mobile people, who moved from place to place to find food

Institution

a long lasting pattern of organization in a community

Hera

The goddess of marriage in Greek religion.

Monotheism

Belief in one god.

Athena

The goddess of war and wisdom in Greek religion.

Aphrodite

The goddess of love in Greek religion.

Apollo

The god of music and poetry in Greek religion.

Artemis

The goddess of hunting and childbirth in Greek religion.

Zoroaster

The Persians followed the religious teachings of him.

Carthage

The most powerful Phoenician colony in North Africa.

Exodus

The mass movement of the Hebrews out of Egypt led by Moses.

Polytheism

Belief in many gods.

Assyrians

Feared conquerers of Northern Mesopotamia.

Brahma

A Hindu god the created the universe.

Asoka

A king of the Mauryan Empire that helped spread Buddhism.

Hieroglyphics

An Egyptian form of writing.

The Great Wall of China

A wall that was built to keep out nomadic invaders.

Daoism

Chinese belief system which prompted harmony with nature.

Bureaucracy

A trained Chinese civil service department formed to carry out the work of the government.

Legalism

Chinese political philosophy which stated that a powerful government is the key to social order.

Shang Dynasty

Dynasty that unified China.

Tyranny

A type of government ruled by a person who gained support from the poor.

Aristocracy

A type of government where a group of noble, landowning people rule.

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