Benchmark Review 2

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New England Colonies

part of 13 colonies that has a short growing season, trade, shipbuilding, fishing, and rocky soil

Give me Liberty or give me death

Freedom is worth dying for

Unalienable rights

What do all people possess as human beings according to the Declaration of Independence

Middle Passage

The name of the journey that slaves were shipped on from West Africa to the West Indies

Mayflower Compact

The document signed by the Pilgrims in 1620

Jamestown

The colony founded in 1607

1776

The year the Declaration of Independence was signed

Tobacco

This product saved Jamestown.

Southern Colonies

The group of colonies that had the largest number of slaves in the 1700's.

Plantation System

The system the southern colonies had that contributed to the growth of slavery.

Virginia House of Burgesses

The first representative law making body in the English colonies.

George Washington

The leader of the 2nd Continental Congress during the American Revolution

Stamp Act

Name of the Act that placed a tax on printed materials

loyalist

Person in the colonies who supported the King of England.

Patriot

Person in the colonies who believed that British were taxing them unfairly.

Tea Act

The act that led a group of colonists to board British ships in Boston Harbor and dump the cargo overboard.

Saratoga

The turning point of the American Revolution.

Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of this document.

Appalachian Mountains

The Proclamation of 1763 said the colonies could not settle west of this geographical feature.

Great Britain

The term "Join or Die" meant that the colonies must unite against this country.

Thomas Paine

This person wrote the influential document entitled "Common Sense."

John Hancock

The Patriot signed the Declaration of Independence very big since the King would be able to see it without his glasses.

Independence Day

The holiday we celebrate every year in honor of signing the Declaration of Independence

Atlantic Ocean

The large ocean that borders the 13 colonies.

Southern Colonies

The colonies that relied on plantations and slavery.

New England Colonies

The colonies that had a short growing season, shipbuilding, and rocky soil?

Mayflower Compact

The document that was signed by the Pilgrims to establish a government for settlers at Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Jamestown, Virginia (Date)

1607

Declaration of Independence (Date)

1776

Unalienable Rights

Rights that all people possess as human beings such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

Middle Passage

The journey of slaves from West Africa to the West Indies

New England Colonies

Lowest percentage of Africans in this population.

Plantation System

Contributed to the growth of slavery

George Washington

Leader of the Second Continental Congress

Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of this document adopted on July 4th, 1776.

Join or Die

Picture of the snake that is cut to show the colonists that they needed to work together against Britain.

Thomas Paine

Immigrated to North America from England and wrote "Common Sense"

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