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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Darwin had initially expected the living plants of temperate South America to resemble those of temperate Europe, but he was surprised to find that they more closely resembled the plants of tropical South America. The biological explanation for this observation is most properly associated with the field of
  2. During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement would you use to correct this student's misconception?
  3. In evolutionary terms, the more closely related two different organisms are, the
  4. Which of the following represents an idea Darwin took from the writings of Thomas Malthus?
  5. If the HMS Beagle had completely bypassed the Galapagos Islands, Darwin would have had a much poorer understanding of
  1. a b. the ability of populations to undergo modification as they adapt to a particular environment.
  2. b e. biogeography.
  3. c a. Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are generally not passed on through genes.
  4. d b. Populations tend to increase at a faster rate than their food supply.
  5. e c. more recently they shared a common ancestor.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. b. Lamarckism.
  2. d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth
  3. b. the fossil record.
  4. c. Lamarck.
  5. c. Female algae eaters may become larger, bearing broods composed of more, and larger, young.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Charles Darwin was the first to proposed. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.

          

  2. Natural selection is based on all of the following exceptd. a mechanism for evolution that was supported by evidence.

          

  3. Which statement about natural selection is most correct?d. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.

          

  4. During drought years on the Galapagos, small, easily eaten seeds become rare leaving only large, hard-cased seeds that only birds with large beaks can eat. If a drought persists for several years, then what should one expect to result from natural selection?a. Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are generally not passed on through genes.

          

  5. Which of the following statements is not an inference of natural selection?e. individuals must adapt to their environment.

          

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