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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In the mid-1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko exposed winter wheat plants to ever-colder temperatures, collected their seeds, and then exposed the seedlings to ever-colder temperatures. He repeated his attempts over the course of decades in an attempt to evolve cold-tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko's attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of
  2. In evolutionary terms, the more closely related two different organisms are, the
  3. Darwin had initially expected the living plants of temperate South America to resemble those of temperate Europe, but he was surprised to find that they more closely resembled the plants of tropical South America. The biological explanation for this observation is most properly associated with the field of
  4. Which of the following represents an idea Darwin took from the writings of Thomas Malthus?
  5. Both Darwin's and Lamarck's ideas regarding evolution suggest which of the following?
  1. a b. Populations tend to increase at a faster rate than their food supply.
  2. b e. The interaction of organisms with their environment is important in the evolutionary process.
  3. c e. biogeography.
  4. d c. Lamarck.
  5. e c. more recently they shared a common ancestor.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  2. d. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.
  3. b. the fossil record.
  4. a. 2, 4, 1, 3
  5. d. More small-beaked birds dying than the larger-beaked birds. The offspring produced in subsequent generations have a higher percentage of birds with large beaks.

5 True/False questions

  1. Charles Darwin was the first to proposed. a mechanism for evolution that was supported by evidence.


  2. During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement would you use to correct this student's misconception?a. Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are generally not passed on through genes.


  3. Which of the following must exist in a population before natural selection can act upon that population?a. genetic variation among individuals


  4. Which of the following statements is not an inference of natural selection?e. individuals must adapt to their environment.


  5. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example ofb. Lamarckism.


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