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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. If the HMS Beagle had completely bypassed the Galapagos Islands, Darwin would have had a much poorer understanding of
  2. Which of the following must exist in a population before natural selection can act upon that population?
  3. Which of the following statements is not an inference of natural selection?
  4. Both Darwin's and Lamarck's ideas regarding evolution suggest which of the following?
  5. Given a population that contains genetic variation, what is the correct sequence of the following events, under the influence of natural selection?
  1. a e. The interaction of organisms with their environment is important in the evolutionary process.
  2. b b. the ability of populations to undergo modification as they adapt to a particular environment.
  3. c e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  4. d a. genetic variation among individuals
  5. e a. 2, 4, 1, 3

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. e. A and B only
  2. c. Lamarck.
  3. d. a mechanism for evolution that was supported by evidence.
  4. d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth
  5. b. Lamarckism.

5 True/False questions

  1. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence ofb. the fossil record.


  2. During drought years on the Galapagos, small, easily eaten seeds become rare leaving only large, hard-cased seeds that only birds with large beaks can eat. If a drought persists for several years, then what should one expect to result from natural selection?c. more recently they shared a common ancestor.


  3. Which of the following represents an idea Darwin took from the writings of Thomas Malthus?b. Populations tend to increase at a faster rate than their food supply.


  4. In evolutionary terms, the more closely related two different organisms are, thec. more recently they shared a common ancestor.


  5. In a hypothetical environment, fishes called pike-cichlids are visual predators of algae-eating fish, i.e., they locate their prey by sight. If a population of algae eaters experiences predation pressure from pike-cichlids, which of the following would least likely be observed in the algae-eater population over the course of many generations?c. Female algae eaters may become larger, bearing broods composed of more, and larger, young.


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