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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Both Darwin's and Lamarck's ideas regarding evolution suggest which of the following?
  2. Which of the following events, as described here, is most in agreement with the idea of catastrophism?
  3. Natural selection is based on all of the following except
  4. Given a population that contains genetic variation, what is the correct sequence of the following events, under the influence of natural selection?
  5. Which statement about natural selection is most correct?
  1. a d. Well-adapted individuals leave more offspring, and thus contribute more to the gene pool, than poorly adapted individuals.
  2. b e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  3. c d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth
  4. d e. The interaction of organisms with their environment is important in the evolutionary process.
  5. e a. 2, 4, 1, 3

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. b. Populations tend to increase at a faster rate than their food supply.
  2. e. A, B, and C
  3. e. individuals must adapt to their environment.
  4. d. More small-beaked birds dying than the larger-beaked birds. The offspring produced in subsequent generations have a higher percentage of birds with large beaks.
  5. e. biogeography.

5 True/False questions

  1. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example ofb. Lamarckism.


  2. Which of the following must exist in a population before natural selection can act upon that population?a. genetic variation among individuals


  3. To observe natural selection's effects on a population, what must be true?e. A and B only


  4. In a hypothetical environment, fishes called pike-cichlids are visual predators of algae-eating fish, i.e., they locate their prey by sight. If a population of algae eaters experiences predation pressure from pike-cichlids, which of the following would least likely be observed in the algae-eater population over the course of many generations?c. Female algae eaters may become larger, bearing broods composed of more, and larger, young.


  5. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence ofe. individuals must adapt to their environment.


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