Brown v. Board of Education
overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.
Gideon v. Wainwright
defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
Marbury v. Madison
established the principle of judicial review
Miranda v. Arizona
rights of accused, lawyer and remain silent
Plessy v. Ferguson
separate but equal facilities for different races were not unconstitutional.
Roe v. Wade
right to woman's privacy
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon Test, religious liberty
McCulloch v. Maryland
confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States.
Korematsu v. U. S.
suspension of Bill of Rights is ok during wartime
Escobedo v. Illinois
Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
U. S. v. Richard Nixon
limited executive privilege
Regents of the University of California vs Bakke
affirmative action is ok, not quota system
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
exculsionary rule for states
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
voluntary prayer violates establishment clause
Baker v. Carr (1962)
allowed federal govt to intervene in state reapportionment cases
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
Guaranteed a student's right to protest (wearing armbands).
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
State death penalties violated cruel and unusual punishment
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
capital punishment does not constitute cruel & unusual punishment of 8th Amendment.
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
Flag-burning is symbolic speech with a political purpose and is protected by 1st Amendment.
Bush v. Gore (2000)
stopped recount to give bush presidency, if there is recount, votes must all be counted same way
Weeks vs. United States
Katz vs United States
wiretapping counts as search, extended 4th amendment
United States vs. Leon
good faith clause of exclusionary rule
Terry vs. Ohio
police can 'stop and frisk' without probable cause
New Jersey vs. TLO
school officials only need resonable ground to search
Gregory vs. Chicago
marchers cant be punished for holding a peaceful assembly even if onlookers are violent
Lynch vs. Donnelly
govt can put up nativity scene if other secular items are with it
wisconsin vs yoder
Amish children could not be placed under compulsory education past 8th grade, as it violated their parents' fundamental right to freedom of religion.
Widmar vs. Vincent
greater access to public facilities by religious organizations
New York Times Co. vs United States
govt cant sensor press unless they can prove danger
sheppard vs. maxwell
right to a fair trial, jurors cant be influenced by outside sources
dred scott vs. stanford
slaves werent citizens, led to civil war
reed vs. reed
men and women should be treated equally
kelo vs. city of new london
established eminent domain
washington vs. glucksberg
right to assistance in committing suicide was not protected by the Due Process Clause.
lau vs. nichols
equal treatment and education for students of all races