|globe||A scale model of the earth.|
|continents||The earth is made up of 7 large landmasses.|
|island|| Land masses smaller than continents and surrounded by |
|ocean||Geographers divide the world ocean into four oceans: The Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and the Arctic Ocean|
|grid|| The pattern of lines that circle the earth in east-west and north-|
|latitude||are drawn in east-west direction and measure distance north and south of the equator.|
|longitude|| are the lines that measure north and south starting at the|
top of the northern hemisphere and go to the southern hemisphere.
|equator|| imaginary lines that circle the globe half way between the|
north and the south.
|parallels|| lines of latitude are called this because they are always |
parallel to the equator. Ones that measure North are labeled N
and ones that measure South are labeled S
|prime meridian||is an imaginary line that runs through Greenwhich, England, from the North Pole to the South Pole.|
|meridians||lines of longitudes are called this.|
|degrees|| The symbol for degrees is a small 0 above the number.|
These are then subdivided into minutes ' is the symbol. There are 60 degrees in a minute.
|hemispheres||Globe is divided into 2 halves N & S and E & W|
|map||is a flat diagram of all or part of the earth's surface.|
|atlas||an organized collection of maps in one book.|
|map projections||Map makers have different ways they are presented. They are one of three kinds: cylindrical, conic, or flat-plane.|
|great circle route||The shortest route between two points on the earth.|
|directional indicator||shows which directions are north, south, east, and west.|
|scales||mapmakers use scales to represent distances between points on a map.|
|legends|| This is a key explains what the symbols on the map represent.|
Also called a key
|compass rose||has arrows that point to all four principal directions.|
|mental map|| One of these is not found in the textbook, but those we see|
in our minds.