A scale model of the earth.
The earth is made up of 7 large landmasses.
Land masses smaller than continents and surrounded by
Geographers divide the world ocean into four oceans: The Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and the Arctic Ocean
The pattern of lines that circle the earth in east-west and north-
are drawn in east-west direction and measure distance north and south of the equator.
are the lines that measure north and south starting at the
top of the northern hemisphere and go to the southern hemisphere.
imaginary lines that circle the globe half way between the
north and the south.
lines of latitude are called this because they are always
parallel to the equator. Ones that measure North are labeled N
and ones that measure South are labeled S
is an imaginary line that runs through Greenwhich, England, from the North Pole to the South Pole.
lines of longitudes are called this.
The symbol for degrees is a small 0 above the number.
These are then subdivided into minutes ' is the symbol. There are 60 degrees in a minute.
Globe is divided into 2 halves N & S and E & W
is a flat diagram of all or part of the earth's surface.
an organized collection of maps in one book.
Map makers have different ways they are presented. They are one of three kinds: cylindrical, conic, or flat-plane.
great circle route
The shortest route between two points on the earth.
shows which directions are north, south, east, and west.
mapmakers use scales to represent distances between points on a map.
This is a key explains what the symbols on the map represent.
Also called a key
has arrows that point to all four principal directions.
One of these is not found in the textbook, but those we see
in our minds.