someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful
Russian Social Structure
Similar to the Ancien Regime in France. A system that people's social status is dependent on the family they are born.
men of women who were the poorest members of society, peasants who worked the lord's land in exchange for protection
feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Three Pillars of Russian Absolutism
1) Orthodoxy - strong ties between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Govt; 2) Autocracy - absolute power of state; 3) Nationalism - respect for Russian traditions and suppression of non-Russian groups within the empire; Embraced by Nicholas I and was not very successful
a war in Crimea between Russia and a group of nations including England and France and Turkey and Sardinia
the freeing of enslaved people
elected local rural governments allow some democracy without weakening the central government
Group that believed nation's resources and industries should be owned and operated by the government on behalf of the people
the process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian empire
violent mob attacks on Jews.
people who flee their country because of persecution or danger
developed communism in response to the evils of Industrial Revolution
adapted the name Lenin when he became a revolutionary
1905, peaceful protest to czar Nicholas II palace, led by Father Gapon, fired on by palace guards, 100s died
(1905), issued by Nich. II, attempted to quiet strikes, local revolts, promised freedom of speech and assembly, called the Duma into session
Russian national legislature
the industrial working class
Self-proclaimed holy man who claimed to heal the sick and have prophecy. He had much influence over Tsarina Alexandra and she often went to him for advise on political issues. He was believed to be having a sexual affair with Tsarina Alexandra and was assassinated by three members of the higher aristocracy; Tsarina Alexandra was very distraught and depressed due to his death (coincidence? I think not). (905)
a Russian council composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers.
The "majority" - Communist party led by Lenin. Although they were not the majority and actually received a terrible percentage of the Russian Congress's vote, Lenin kept the name to create attraction and support. After the Russian Congress received the low voting, the Bolsheviks and Lenin took over and simply disregarded the Russian Congress from there on out.
people who favor the equal distribution of wealth and the end of all forms of private property
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
The "Allies" role in the Russian Civil War.
In the hopes of stopping communists from gaining control in Russia, the Allies supported the White Army.
Lenin's exile and return
While he was originally exhiled for his communist ideas, the Germans aided his return to Russia in the hopes of disrupting the Russian
secret police, formed by Lenin
in World War I Russia, government control of banks and most industries, the seizing of grain from peasants, and the centralization of state administration under Communist control
Communist party officials assigned to the army to teach party principles and ensure party loyalty