East of the Sudan the Sahara desert meets this landform, marking the beginning of the Horn of Africa.
Great Rift Valley
The terrain of the Horn of Africa is dominated by Ethiopia's high central plateau which is split diagonally by this fault system that starts in Northern Syria, cuts through the Jordan Valley and the Red Sea, and in Africa runs all the way south to Mozambique.
This river rises in in Lake Tana in northwestern Ethiopia.
Eritrea, Ethiopia, and the western leg of Somalia are all former colonies of this European country.
Djibouti was once a colony of this European country.
The northwestern part of Somalia was formerly a colony of this country.
After the Italians were driven out of the Horn of Africa in 1941, this country was administered by Britain until 1952 when it joined Ethiopia in a federation.
In 1962, Ethiopia made Eritrea a province, triggering a disastrous 30 year ________ ________. Eritrea finally prevailed in 1991 and became independent 2 years later.
In 1998, a vicious and costly border war broke out between these two countries. Hostilities ended in 2000 and UN peacekeeping forces have been in force since then.
Name Eritrea's capital.
Eritrea is evenly divided between these two religious groups.
After Egypt, this is Africa's second oldest state. According to legend, it's first emperor was Menelik I, the son of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.
According to legend, Ethiopia's first emperor was this son of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.
In 1974, this last emperor of Ethiopia was deposed in a coup and replaced by a socialist military dictatorship.
This Ethiopian seized power in 1977 with the support of the Soviet Union. Under him, Ethiopia fought a civil war with Eritrean separatists and border wars with Somalia while engaging in a reign of terror at home. He was forced into exile in 1991.
What is the capital of Ethiopia?
What is the official language of Ethiopia?
This crop is one of Ethiopia's economic mainstays.
The combination of war and a series of horrifying droughts have caused a series of what in Ethiopia over the past 40 years.
Oromo, Amhara, Tigrean
These three ethnic groups account for 75% of Ethiopia's 75 million people.
Simali Issas, Afars
Mounting tensions between these two groups in Djibouti led to the outbreak of a civil war that didn't fully end until 2001.
What is the capital of Djibouti
What are Djibouti's two official languages?
What is Djibouti's dominant religion?
Red Sea, Gulf of Aden
Djibouti's position at the junction of these two bodies of water has been economically advantageous to the country.
This country is bounded on the north by the Gulf of Aden and on the east and south by the Indian Ocean. In 1990 the country began to disintegrate into hostile "ministates" controlled by rival warlords.
Black Hawk Down
This notorious incident in 1994 caused the withdrawal of U.S. forces in Somalia after bodies of American soldiers, who had come to the country to facilitate the delivery of food and assistance to the Somali people, were dragged through the streets of the capital Mogadishu. A book and movie were made that described these events.
What is a black hawk?
In December 2006, this country backed by the U.S. invaded Somalia to re-establish a democratic government there.
This country has Africa's longest coastline.
This is Somalia's capital city.