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entente

nonbinding agreement to follow common policies

militarism

glorification of the military

Alsace and Lorraine

the border province France lost in the Franco-Prussian War

ultimatum

final set of demands

mobilize

prepare its military forces for war

neutrality

policy of supporting neither side of the war

stalemate

deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other

zeppelin

large gas filled balloons

u-boats

german submarines

convoys

groups of merchat ships protected by warships

Dardanelles

vital strait connecting the Black Sea to the Mediterranean

T.E. Lawrence

sent by the British government to support the Arab revolt

total war

channeling a nation's entire resources into the war effort

conscription

all young men must be ready for military or other service "the draft"

contraband

raw materials needed to make military supplies

Lusitania

British liner torpedoed by a German submarine

Propaganda

spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage a opposing cause

atrocities

horrible acts committed against innocent people

fourteen points

list of Wilson's terms for resolving this and future wars

self-determination

the right of people to choose their own form of government

armistice

agreement to end fighting

pandemic

influenze, flu, killed over 20 million worldwide

reparations

payments for war damage

radicals

people who wanted to make extreme changes

collective security

system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all

mandates

territories administered by western powers

pan-Slavism

movement ment to unite people of a Slavic common culture

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