The vapor pressure of water ____________ as the temperature increases.
The ____________ of a liquid is the temperature at which the external pressure equals the vapor pressure above the liquid.
One can decrease the boiling point of a substance by decreasing the _____________.
Vapor pressure is independent of the __________ of the container, liquid, or vapor.
Vapor pressure is high at high temperatures because more particles will have the necessary ________________ to escape.
The equilibrium expression can be used to calculate _______ or an unknown __________ of a product.
[C]^c x [D]^d / [A]^a x [B]^b
For a reaction given by the equation aA + bB <------> cC + dD, Kc = ?
True or false: changing the pressure will have an effect on the value of Kc.
True or false: Changing the temperature will have an effect on the value of Kc.
True or false: changing the volume will have an effect on the value of Kc.
True or false: The equilibrium constant has no units.
Vapor pressure increases ____________ as temperature increases.
boiling point, enthalpy of vaporization
Stronger intermolecular forces = higher __________ and _______________.
Le Chatelier's principle
If dynamic equilibrium is disturbed by changing the conditions, the position of equilibrium moves to counteract the change.
rate of condensation
With reference to water vapor, equilibrium is established when the rate of vaporization equals ______________.
much greater than
A reaction has virtually gone to completion if the value of Kc is ___________ 1.
much less than
A reaction barely proceeds if the value of Kc is __________ 1.
Both reactants and products will be present in the equilibrium mixture in noticeable amounts if the value of Kc is __________ 1.
Increasing pressure favors the reaction that produces the __________ moles.
Increasing the temperature will shift the reaction _______ in an exothermic reaction.
Increasing the temperature will shift the reaction _________ in an endothermic reaction.
The Haber process used to manufacture ammonia and the contact process used to manufacture sulfuric acid utilize a pressure of _______ atm and a temperature of ______ degrees Celsius.
The catalyst in the Haber process is ________.
vanadium (V) oxide
The catalyst in the contact process is _________.
For an exothermic reaction, increasing the temperature _______________ the value of Kc.
For an endothermic reaction, increasing the temperature _______________ the value of Kc.
If the reaction quotient is ___________ Kc, the system will shift left.
If the reaction quotient is ____________ Kc, the system will shift right.
If the reaction quotient is ____________ Kc, the system is already at equilibrium.