Genetics

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Genetics

the study of how genes are passed from one generation to another

Heredity

passing of genes from generation to generation

Cross pollination

produce seeds using the sperm (pollen) and egg of different plants

Trait

specific characteristic that an individual has

Dominant

an individual ha dominant trait and will exchange this trait

Recessive

a recessive trait will only be present when the dominant is not

Segregation

alleles will separate from each other during the formation of gametes

Punnet Squares

used to show possible gene combination that will result from genetic cross

Homozygous

are individuals that have 2 identical alleles

Heterozygous

are individuals that have 2 different alleles

Phenotype

an organism's physical characteristics

Genotype

an organism's genetic characteristics

Independent Assortment

gene of different traits will separate from each other during gamete formation

Incomplete dominance

one allele is not dominant over another alleles blending of the parent allele

Codominance

both allele contribute to the phenotype

Multiple alleles

multiple alleles that represent a trait/allele

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