President Johnson did pardoned them in 1868
March 3, 1865-1872. provided clothing, medical care, food, and education to freedmen and white refugees.
10% reconstruction plan
decreed that a state could be reintegrated into the Union when 10% of its voters in the presidential election of 1860 had taken an oath of allegiance to the US and pledged to abide by emancipation
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
1864 Proposed far more demanding and stringent terms for reconstruction; required 50% of the voters of a state to take the loyalty oath and permitted only non-confederates to vote for a new state constitution; Lincoln refused to sign the bill, pocket vetoing it after Congress adjourned.
May 29, 1865 It called for special state conventions which were required to: repeal the decrees of secession, repudiate all Confederate debts, and ratify the slave-freeing 13th Amendment.
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Divided The South into 5 military districts. States wishing to be readmitted into the Union had to ratify the 14th Amendment
Black men the right to vote.
Union withdraws from the South
Southerners accused of plundering southern treasuries through political influence.
Northerners who traveled to the south seeking power or profit.
Ku Klux Klan
the "invisible empire of the south" founded in Tennessee in 1866. they intimidated southern blacks to keep them from voting.
Force Acts of 1870 and 1871
Passed in response to the KKK.
Tenure of Office Act
In 1867 this Act was passed which limited the President's power by prohibiting the President from removing civil officers w/o Senate consent. Goal was to bar Johnson from firing Secretary of War Stanton.
Pres. Johnson fired Edwin Stanton so congress impeached him. he was found not guilty
1867 SoS William Seward bought from russia for 7.2 million