how does aaron copland alter the melody in the seventh variation of "piano variations"?
using octave displacement to create an ascending contour
with what two instruments did edgard varese mainly experiment?
percussion ensembles and electric sounds
what two instrument families are used in the section "Drought" in the score of "The plow that broke the plains"?
stringed and woodwind instruments
what two musical elements add a jazz tinge to the section "Drought" of the score of "plow that broke...."?
syncopation and a muted trumpet near its end
who is george stoney
a gov. employee who analyzed the effect of "the plow that broke..."?
for which gov. department did george stoney work?
Farm security admin,
to what other kind of rhetoric did george stoney compare the effect of "the plow..."?
an evangelical sermon
what two elements did "the plow..." use to elicit an emotional response?
powerful images and music
what message did audiences draw from "the plow..."?
that the struggles of rural americans were respected and understood
who is henry cowell?
a famous experimentalist composer
6 characters appearing in the scene 7 of "Cradle"
mike forman, moll the prostitute, and the four members of the liberty committee
what section of the piece does the bass clarinet mimic in william grant still's "afro-american"
the english horn solo
who composed ocho por radio"?
what does ocho por radio translate to in english? (this is my own question)
8 musicians broadcasting
what kind of person usually sings a worker's chorus (don't over think this)
a worker who has some musical ability and signed up to be part of the chorus
rhythm used in the egmont overture motive played by Mrs. Mister's car horn in "cradle..."
inspiration for beethoven's egmont overture
a play by wolfgang von goethe
name the violinist and the artist in "cradle..."?
yasha (v) and dauber (a)
two characteristics of early 1900s classical music
dissonant and complex
an early 20th century classical style that abandoned tonality
by what definition did musical modernists measure progress?
an ever-advancing musical language
how did the goal of american classical music change in the 1930s?
aimed to create music that sounded american
a famous art show that brought modernism to america
the armory show
what artistic style did modernist composers reject?
the idea that each work is a self-contained entity
idea that art is a self-contained entity that does not need a function
modernist artistic autonomy
to what 3 elements did experimentalists turn to create new music
rhythm, timbre, and mechanical invention
whose approval did modernist composers seek?
main goal of modernist composers
moving the feild of music composition forward
a famous composer who began as a modernist but moved into folk-based compositions
what 2 motivations does aaron copland give for composing outside the modernist school
the public was not used to hearing modernist work; the excitement of the avant-garde
to what COMPOSING school did ruth seeger's teacher's belong?
in what 3 musical elements does ruth seeger use serial techniques
pitch, rhythm, and form
in what musical activity other than composing did ruth seeger engage?
collecting folk music
a method of constructing pitch without relying on tonal relationships
for which 4 instruments did ruth seeger write "String quartet"?
2 violins, viola, cello
what interval inifies the four melodic ideas in ruth seeger's "string quartet"?
what instruction did ruth seeger put on the front page of the "string quartet" score?
"the melody line must be heard continuously throughout the music"
interval indicating a cadence in ruth seegers "string quartet"
what aspect of her compositions did ruth seeger hope listners would grasp
the inner logic
with what linguistic device does ruth seeger compare repeating a given interval?
in what 2 unusual ways does ruth seeger present the 2 melodies of "string quartet"?
backwards and upside down
how does ruth seeger combine the 2 melodies of "string quartet"?
the pitches of one with the rhythm of the other
harmonic system of aaron copland's "piano variations"
why was "afro american" groundbreaking?
1st symphony by a black composer to be performed by a major orchestra
who composed "afro-american"?
william grant still
with which famous composer did grant still study?
at which 2 colleges did grant still study?
wilberforce univ. and oberlin college
what 4 subjects did grant still study in college?
violin, cello, oboe, and composition
with which blues musician did grant still study?