heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary; assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand; his death was a main "spark" for the World War I
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
wartime alliance of Britian, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from ditches dug in the battlefield.
line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany and France/Britain
information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to persuade a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
Czar Nicholas II
Russian monarch during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917 by a revolution
Kaiser Wilhelm II
leader of Germany at the time of the First World War; pushed for an aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain
U.S. President, who led the US into WWI; proposed the 14 points, and attended the peace conference at Versailles.
the ethnic "cleansing" in the Ottoman Empire of Christians that were believed to have assisted the Russian forces against the Central Powers
Britian and France's plan to get supplies to Russia to help them in the war effort; the Ottoman Turks defeated the British and the ANZACS
Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilize against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
British document that promised land in Palestine as homeland for Jews in exchange for help from the Jews in Germany WWI
plan promoted by Woodrow Wilson to achieve lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
peace agreement forced on Germany by France, Great Britain, Italy and the United States after World War I. It demanded that Germany dismantle its military and give up lands to Poland. It was resented by many Germans and helped "fuel" the anger leading up to WWII