Corrupt Spanish pope. He was aided militarily and politically by his son Cesare Borgia, who was the hero of The Prince
Italian poet wrote Inferno and Divine Comedy.
Wrote the "Decameron" which tells about ambitious merchants, protrays a sensual and worldly society.
One of the leading painters of the Florentine renaissance, developed a highly personal style. The Birth of Venus
Italian architect, celebrated for work during Florentine Renaissance. He was anti-Gothic. Foundling Hospital in Florence.
(1475-1564) Worked in Rome. Painted the Sistine Chapel. Sculpted the statue of David.
Wrote The Courtier which was about education and manners and had a great influence. It said that an upper class, educated man should know many academic subjects and should be trained in music, dance, and art.
Leonardo Da Vinci
(1452-1519) Artist who made sculptures and religious paintings like the Last Supper.
Lorenzo de Medici
r(1469-1492) The Medici's were a great banking family in Florence in the 15th century. Ruled government of Florence from behind the scene.
Miguel De Cervantes
(1547-1616) Spanish writer. Wrote Don Quixote.
Pico Della Mirandola
Wrote On the Dignity of Man which stated that man was made in the image of God before the fall and as Christ after the Resurrection. Man is placed in-between beasts and the angels. He also believed that there is no limits to what man can accomplish.
(1386-1466) Sculptor. Probably exerted greatest influence of any Florentine artist before Michelangelo. His statues expressed an appreciation of the incredible variety of human nature.
(1466?-1536) Dutch Humanist, religious education. Wrote Praise of Folly.
Florentine Painter who led the way in the use of realism.
Hans Holbein the Younger
Painter noted for his portraits and religious paintings.
Studied the Latin classics to learn what they reveal about human nature. Emphasized human beings, their achievements, interests, and capabilities.
Individualism stressed personality, uniqueness, genius, and the fullest development of capabilities and talents.
r(1503-1513) Pope - very militaristic. Tore down the old Saint Peter's Basilica and began work on the present structure in 1506. Sponsored Michaelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel.
(1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means."
The finest representative of early modern skepticism. Created a new genre, the essay.
Sir Thomas More
(1478-1535) Englishman, lawyer, politician, Chancellor for Henry VIII. Wrote Utopia which presented a revolutionary view of society, in which the problems of society were caused by greed. Executed by Henry VIII for not compromising his religious beliefs.
Monarchies that took measures to limit the power of the Roman Catholic Church within their countries.
Conspiracy to overthrow the Medici's.
(1304-1374) Father of the Renaissance. He believed the first two centuries of the Roman Empire to represent the peak in the development of human civilization.
French satirical author.Gargantua and Pantagruel.
A man that is multitalented and is well educated.
Revival of Antiquity
The awakening from the dark ages and the focusing on the Roman's.
Friar Girolamo Savonarola
(1452-1498) Dominican friar who attacked paganism and moral vice of Medici and Alexander VI. Burned at the stake in Florence.
The belief in material things instead of religious things.
(1406-1457) On Pleasure, and On the False Donation of Constantine, which challenged the authority of the papacy. Father of modern historical criticism.
Everyday language of a specific nation.
The striving for excellence. Humanistic aspect of Renaissance.