American History - Midterm Questions

Created by randomname9 

Upgrade to
remove ads

When doing learn mode, feel free to click "overwrite" if it says your answer was wrong, but you had an answer very similar. Check all the "ignore" boxes. These questions, gotten from Mr. Conde's SchoolNotes site, were answered by me, and if you have any different answer you would like me to consider, please to post a comment in the discussion box below. [incomplete set]

Beringia

The earliest Native Americans crossed a land bridge called what?

Maize/Planting Seeds

What discovery turned nomads into farmers?

Calender

Mayan priests' interest in astronomy led to the creation of what?

Tenochtitlan

What was the capital of the Aztec Empire?

Religion

The Maya and the Aztec organized their societies around what type of institution?

Inca

Which was the largest of the early American civilizations?

Hopewell

Who were the early Ohio Valley people who built huge burial mounds? (~800 B.C.)

Illinois

The largest settlement of Mound Builders, Cahokia, was in present-day _______ (State).

Chose members of the league council

What were the Iroquois women's positions of power in their communities?

Arrival of Europeans

In the 1500s what changed the ways of life for Native Americans forever?

Alaska

Early Americans crossed the land bridge from Siberia in NE Asia to present-day ________ (region/state)?

Spend time on other activities

Agriculture allowed early Americans to do what?

Maya and Aztec

Which civilizations organized their societies around their religion?

Inca

Which civilization built stone-paved roads over mountains?

Gold

The Inca believed the sun god enjoyed displays of what?

Trading

How did the Hohokam people acquire shells?

Inuit

Which peoples wore clothing of sealskin?

Fish (Salmon)

What was the main food of the peoples of the northwestern coast?

People of the Great Plains

Tepees were used by which culture?

Formed a Federation

The Iroquois promoted peace by doing what?

Animals

Early Americans came to this land in pursuit of what?

Siberia

Where do archaeologists believe early Americans came from?

Land bridge

The Ice Age provided access to the Americas through what?

Dependable food supply

What did early Americans need in order to begin to form communities?

Build settlements

Farming allowed people to spend more time doing what?

Theocracy

What is a society ruled by religious leaders called?

Religion

Mayan temples were used for what purpose?

Tenochtitlan

Which Aztec city was the largest city in the Americas?

Terraces

The Inca produced a steady food supply using what?

Hohokam

Who were the native peoples who dug hundreds of miles of irrigation channels?

People of the Great Plains

Who were the native peoples who became skilled at riding horses?

Iroquois

What was the Native American group whose constitution shows that women had a strong voice in government?

Cahokia

Where was the largest settlement of the Mound Builders?

Inspired Christopher Columbus to sail West

Who was Marco Polo? (sorry my typed answer probably is not yours, but click override if you feel like yours is correct too.)

Renaissance

What was the historical period of intellectual and artistic creativity is known as?

Henry the Navigator (Prince Henry)

Which Portuguese prince laid the groundwork for a new era of exploration?

Santa Maria, Nina, La Pinta

In 1492 Christopher Columbus sailed to America on three ships. What where these?

Juan Ponce de Leon

Who was the first Spaniard to land on the mainland of North America?

Bartholomeau Dias

Who was the explorer who first sailed around the southern tip of Africa?

Bartolome de Las Casas

Who publicly condemned the cruel treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish?

Northwest Passage

England, France, and the Netherlands hoped to discover a route through North America. What was it called?

Samuel de Champlain

Which explorer's crew founded Quebec?

Trading posts

What did the French want to establish in the Americas?

Printing press

Which invention helped Marco Polo's Travels gain wider circulation?

Gold and slaves

From their trading posts in Africa, the Portuguese traded for what?

Timbuktu

Under King Mansa Musa, which city became an important center of Islamic art and learning?

Vasco da Gama

Which explorer discovered the long-awaited eastern sea route to Asia?

Treaty of Tordesillas

Which agreement divided the Americas between Spain and Portugal?

Oklahoma

Hernando de Soto traveled as far west as present-day _____________ (state).

Encomienda

The right granted by the Spanish government to the conquistadors that turned Native Americans into slaves was called what?

Martin Luther

Who believed that faith rather than good deeds was the way to heaven? (hint: His followers were called the Protestants)

John Cabot

Whose voyage was used by England as the basis for its claims to North America?

Ferdinand Magellan

Which explorer's crew was the first to sail around the world?

Tobacco

The Jamestown settlers saved their colony by planting what crop?

Charters

What did King James I grant to groups of merchants to organize settlements in an area in America?

Separatists

Protestants who wanted to leave and found their own churches were called what?

Massachusetts

Puritans formed the Massachusetts Bay Company and received a royal charter to establish what colony?

Pacifists

People who refuse to use force or fight in wars are called what?

William Penn

Who wrote Pennsylvania's first constitution?

Act of Toleration

What law granted the right to worship freely in Maryland?

Constitution

Which document covered land distribution and social ranking?

Georgia

Which colony was created so debtors and poor people could start over?

Missions

Religious settlements established in California by the Spanish were called what?

Sir Humphrey Gilbert

Who claimed Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth?

Pilgrims

Because their journey had a religious purpose, the Separatists called themselves what?

The Great Migration

The movement that drove 15,000 Puritans to Massachusetts was called what?

French

Which European country maintained the friendliest relations with the Native Americans?

Manhattan (Island)

What island was purchased for a small amount of beads and other goods?

Act of Toleration

What law protected Catholics from any attempt to make Maryland a Protestant colony?

Nathaniel Bacon

Who was "the greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia," according to Governor William Berkeley?

Georgia

What was the last of the British colonies to be established in America?

Tenant farmers

Workers who paid their French lords an annual rent were known as what?

Missionaries

To keep other European powers from threatening its empire in America, Spain sent soldiers, settlers, and a third aspect?

Subsistence farming

What type of farming was practiced in New England?

Cash crop (farming)

What type of farming was practiced in New York?

Rice

What was the most profitable cash crop in South Carolina and Georgia?

Economic resource

How did England view its North American colonies?

Benjamin Franklin

Who exemplified the Enlightenment?

Militia

A group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies is called what?

Albany Plan of Union

What proposal sought to unite the American colonies against the French?

England and France

The Seven Years' War was a war between what two major powers?

Pontiac

Which leader recognized that British settlers threatened the Native Americans' way of life?

Great Awakening

The religious revival that swept through the colonies was called what?

New England

The hub of the shipping trade in North America was in what region?

(Enslaved) Africans

Labor for the Southern rice fields was provided by whom?

Backcountry

In the Southern Colonies, the region of small farms was called what?

Mercantalism

What theory holds that a nation's power depended on expanding its trade?

Albany Plan of Union

What plan called for one general government for all the American colonies?

Edward Braddock

What British commander was sent to conquer the French in the Ohio Valley?

French

The Treaty of Paris after the 7 Years War, marked the end of power in North America for what power?

William Pitt

Which man changed Britain's fortune in the war with France?

Middle Passage

The leg of the triangular trade route in which enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies was known as what?

Appalachians

The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited colonists from moving west of what?

Sugar Act

The British government tried to stop smuggling with what Act?

Stamp Act

What act taxed almost all printed material in the colonies?

Ethan Allen

Who led the Green Mountain Boys?

King George III

Who opposed any compromise with the American colonists?

Abigail Adams

Whose letters to her husband suggested increased rights for women?

Thomas Jefferson

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Benjamin Franklin

Who ran the first post office established by the Second Continental Congress?

Thomas Paine

Who wrote Common Sense?

Smugglers

George Grenville's first action in the colonies was to take action against whom?

A writ of assistance

To search a colonist's house, a British customs officer presented what?

Patrick Henry

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Stamp Act

Which act gave the British Parliament the right to tax and make decisions for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever"?

Propaganda against British

What did the colonial leaders use the Boston Massacre killings as?

Lexington and Concord

The shot heard 'round the world" refers to the actions of the minutemen at these battles. What were they?

Loyalists

Which colonists did not consider unfair taxes a good reason for rebellion?

Patriots

Which colonists wanted to fight the British for American independence?

John Adams

George Washington was chosen commander of the Continental Army upon the recommendation of which delegate?

Olive Branch Petition

The colonists expressed their desire for peace in what document?

Patriots

What was the name given to Americans who supported independence?

Battle of Trenton

On Christmas night 1776, the Patriots scored a victory at what battle?

Thomas Paine

"These are the times that try men's souls," was written by whom?

Philadelphia

William Howe planned to capture the American capital, which was located in what city?

Valley Forge

Where did the Patriot forces endure a winter of terrible suffering?

Saratoga

The French announced support for the United States after the American victory in what battle?

Vincennes

George Rogers Clark forced Henry Hamilton's surrender at which battle?

Charleston

In 1780, where did the Patriots suffer their worst defeat of the war?

Yorktown

King George III agreed to give the Americans their freedom after the victory in what battle?

George Washington

Which general did not represent the Americans at the peace talks in Paris?

Tories

Americans who remained loyal to Great Britain were called Loyalists or this other word?

South

Loyalist strength was strongest in what part of the colonies?

New England

Loyalist strength was weakest in what part of the colonies?

Nathan Hale

To spy on the British, which Patriot disguised himself as a teacher?

South Carolina

By the end of the war, African Americans were enlisted in every state except for one. Which one?

Marquis de Lafayette

The French nobleman who became Washington's trusted aide was who?

John Paul Jones

Which Patriot's famous words were, "I have not yet begun to fight"?

Money

The Hessians main goal for winning the war was for what?

Treaty of Paris of 1783

The British promised to withdraw all troops from American territory in what treaty?

Return to Mount Vernon

What did George Washington do after the war was over?

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set