Nurse Aide Vocabulary

305 terms by DevHaze93 

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Abandonment

withdrawing medical care from a patient without providing sufficient notice to the patient.

Abdominal Thrust

quick, upward pulls into the diaphragm to force out an obstruction blocking the airway

"Heimlich Manuever"

Abduction Pillow

goes between the legs; it helps keep the legs spread

Abuse

physical or emotional harm to someone

Accidents

an unfortunate event resulting from carelessness or ignorance

Activities

things that are done for enjoyment, often as part of education and often in groups.

Adaptive Devices

special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled perform ADLs; also called assistive devices

ADL

activites of daily living

Admission

the act of allowing to enter; entrance granted by permission, by provision or existence of pecuniary means, or by the removal of obstacles

Admitting Resident

beginning process of a patient; admission of a resident into a long term care facility

Affected Side

a weakened side from a stroke or injury; also called the "weaker" or "involved" side.

Aging Process

the natural occurrences in the body that produce the changes associated with growing old

Agitation

uneasiness; commotion, excitement

Alternating Pressure Mattress

pressure can be reduced under bony prominences but increased under others

Alzheimer's

Progressive mental deterioration characterized by severe memory loss

Ambulation

the act of walking

Amputees

people with a loss of a limb

Anger

the state of being angry, occurs when the patient is no longer able to deny death, stage in dying process

Antiembolic Stockings

they help with ciculation and apply pressure to the legs. they have holes in the toes, so to let the nurse look at the feet to observe circulation and they don't have to be removed

Anxiety

a strong feeling of worry

Aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

Appropriate Response

a reply that is made that is suitable for the circumstances

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint or joints

Aseptic

free from disease-causing microorganisms

Assistive Device

make certain tasks(walking, eating, dressing) easier for person with disability

Axillary Temperature

Temperature taken at the armpit

Back Strain

hurting ones back

Bacteria

Single celled, no nucleus, live everywhere; can be good and bad bacteria

Bargaining

occurs when patients accept death but want more time to live, making a deal, in return for a cure, they will fulfill promises

Basic Needs

things people must have to live, Food, clothing, and shelter

Basic Skin Care

Clean and moisturize your skin daily. Block the sun. Seek professional help for skin problems. Eat a balanced diet. Self screening.

Bathing

Maintenance of proper hygiene

Bed Cradle

a metal or plastic frame suspended over the hospital bed to keep the weight of the linen off the resident's body

Bathing Resident

the act of washing a patients body

Bed Height

The level of a patient bed

Bed Position

the position the bed is in. also controlled by buttons on the control of the bed.

Bedpan

a shallow vessel used by a bedridden patient for defecation and urination

Bladder Training

goal is to gain control of urination done as directed by nurse and care plan person uses toilet/pan at frequent regular intervals and is slowly increased. Person has catheter which is clamped to prevent urine flow for periods of time (1-2hrs at first then up to 3-4hrs) to train bladder

Blindness

lack of sight

Blood Pressure

the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels

Body Alignment

body positioning that promotes proper body functioning; posture, the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned with one another; posture

Body Fluids

tears, saliva, sputum (mucous coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, and pus or other wound drainage

Body Language

nonverbal communication through gestures, facial expressions, behaviors, and posture

Body Mechanics

The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury

Bowel Program

program that manipulates factor within a person's control (timing of defecation, exercise) to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation with medications or enemas

Breathing

the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation

Burnout

State of emotional and physical exhaustion, lowered productivity, and feelings of isolation, often caused by work-related pressures

Call Light

allows the patient to call for help

Cancer

any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division

Cane

a stick that people can lean on to help them walk, held on strong side, goes forward with weak side before the strong side step after

Cardiac Arrest

sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Care Impaired

when a patient is lacking care

Care Plan

a written plan for each resident created by a nurse; outlines the steps taken by the staff to help the resident reach his or her goals

Cast

bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal

Cataracts

eye disease in which the lens becomes covered in an opaque film that affects sight, eventually causing total blindness.

Catheter Care

thorough cleaning of the perineal area (especially around the urethra) and the catheter tubing that extends outside of the body, to prevent infection

CC's in an Oz

30cc's in an oz

Central Nervous System

the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord

Cerebral Vascular Accident

(stroke) is the disruption of the blood supply to the brain, resulting in neurological dysfunction

Charge Nurse

registered nurse or licensed practical nurse;supervises the other nurses for a particular shift

Circulation

The process of moving the blood in the veins and arteries throughout the body

Clarification

the act of making clear or understandable, an explanation

Clear Liquid Diet

a diet that consists of foods that are liquid at room temperature and leave little residue in the intestine. Ex: Water, Sprite, Ginger Ale, all beverages without any residue, broth, Jello

Clergy

A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.

Cold Compress

a cold folded and moistened cloth or towel that is placed over a small area of the body for moist cold therapy

Combative Resident

resident with violent or hostile behavior

Comfort Care

therapies used to insure that a patient is pain free for the rest of his or life

Communication

the clear exchange of ideas and information

Compensation

something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury)

Competency Evaluation Program

state operated program to certify skills persons wanting to be a nurse assistant

Confidentiality

discretion in keeping secret information

Confused Resident

a patient with a distorted mental status

Congestive Heart Failure

syndrome where the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs for oxygen and nutrients; as a result, fluid is retained and accumulates in the ankles and legs

Constipation

Hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminate; often a result of too little fiber in the diet

Constrict

become tight or as if tight, draw together; render narrower; shrink

Contact Isolation

used when caring for people infected with pathogens that can be transmitted directly or indirectly

Contamination

The process of becoming unclean

Contracture

an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle

Converting Measures

changing one unit of measurement to another unit of measurement

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

cueing

use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired or that a certain behavior should stop

CVA

cerebrovascular accident (stroke)

Death and Dying

dying: the process of becoming dead
death: the end of the dying process

Dehydration

a serious reduction in the body's water content

Dementia

a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes

Denial

a defense mechanism in which unpleasant thought or desires are ignored or excluded from consciousness

Depression

The condition of feeling apathetic, hopeless, and withdrawn from others.

Developmental Process

changes & functions occuring during the early years

Diabetes

A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.

Diabetic

someone who has diabetes

Dialysis

a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function

Diastolic

Measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measurement of the constant pressure in arteries.

Digestion

the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body

Discharging Resident

the official release of a resident from a health care facility to their home; the team helps prepare the resident to leave

Disinfection

the process of destroying pathogens

Disoriented Resident

a resident that does not know: who he or anyone is (person), town/city (place),current year (time)

Disposing of Contaminated Materials

dispose of in a designated biohazard bag/container

Documentation

The documents that are required for something, or that give evidence or proof of something.

Dressing

the act of applying a bandage, the activity of getting dressed

Dry Skin

common in the aging person because of the decline in size, number and output of sweat and sebacious glands

Dying

process of decline in body functions, resulting in death of an organism, to suffer total and irreversible loss of the bodily attributes and functions

Dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

Edema

The swelling of body tissues with water, accumulation of fluid

Elastic Stockings

exert pressure on veins to promote blood flow, helping to prevent blood clot

Elevate Head

keeping the head raised above its normal level

Elimination

the act of removing or getting rid of something, Act of removal of materials from the body; in the digestive system, the removal of indigestible materials.

Empathy

an understanding of another's feelings

Emphysema

disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult

Ethics

moral principles or values

Extremity

an external body part that projects from the body

Eye Glasses

lens worn to aid vision

Falls

leading cause of accidental death among elderly people

Fecal Impaction

accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move

Feeding

the act of consuming food

Fire Safety

The risk control measures used to protect people and property from the adverse effects of hostile fires.

Flatus

a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus

Flexed

to bend or stretch something

Fluid Intake

The average healthy adult will take in about 3 1/2 quarts of fluid every day. This is called,

Foot Board

a piece of wood or plastic placed at the end of the hospital bed and used for positioning the resident's feet

Foot Care

daily foot check for blisters, reddened areas, swelling, providing nail clipping and applying ointment etc

Foot Drop

The foot falls down at the ankle; permanent plantar flexion

Fowler's Position

a semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45 and 60 degrees

Fraud

a deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain

Free from Disease

aseptic

Frequent Urination

polyuria, urinating occurs more often than usual

Gait Belt

device used to transfer people from one position to another or from one thing to another. For example you would use a gait belt to move a patient from a standing position to a wheelchair

Gastric Feedings

a medical device which is inserted into a patient's stomach to supplement his or her diet.

Gastrostomy Tube

a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications

Geriatrics

medical study of the elderly

Gestures

the ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with one another

Gloves

personal protective equipment: covers the hand and wrist

Grieving Process

The process by which people cope with death and dying., denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Hair Care

care for the hair: the activity of washing or cutting or curling or arranging the hair

Hallucination

a false perception of reality; a delusion

Hand Tremors

movement of hands uncontrollable

Hand Washing

the single most important means of preventing the spread of infection

Hearing Aid

an electronic device that amplifies sound and is worn to compensate for poor hearing

Hearing Impaired

functional but not effective hearing

Hearing Loss

partial or complete loss of hearing

Hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Hospice Care

a philosophy of end-of-life care that is committed to maintaining quality of life for terminally ill patients by keeping them as alert, pain free, and engaged with their families as possible.

Hydration

Maintenance of body fluid balance

Ice Bag

a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling

Ileostomy

surgical procedure that creates an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall to function as an anus

Immune System

a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response

Impairment

the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness

Incontinence

involuntary urination or defecation

Indwelling Catheter

a catheter that stays in the bladder for a period of time.

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