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Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that

both national and state levels of government have some authority over the same people

In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court established which of the following principles?

States cannot interfere with or tax the legitimate activites of the federal government

The Founding Fathers devised a ferderal system for all of the following reasons except

federal systems were common throughout the world and were proven to be effective

The reserved powers of the state government can best be described as those powers

not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states

Which kind of federalism best describes an autonomous relationship between the states and national government

layer cake federalism

The tenth amerndment to the Constitution has been interpreted by the Supreme Court to

reserve the powers to the states

The concept that the national government is supreme in its own sphere while the states are equally supreme in theirs is known as

Dual federalism

All of the following are characteristics of marble cake federalism except

the national government exercised its power independently from state governments

What did the Supreme Court determin in McCulloch v. Maryland?

To carry out its economic powers, Congress may reasonably decide to create a national bank, the necessary and proper clause enables Congress to take actions not specifically listed in the Constitution, States may not tax any federal institution

The terms "fiscal federalism" and "cooperative federalism" refer to situations in which

federal, state, and local governments work togeteher to complete a project, with the federal government providing much of the project funding

Which of the following supreme court cases was a win for states' rights as the Court declared that Congress did not have the authority to enforce federal gun laws on school grounds

United States v. Lopez

Which of the following Suptreme Court cases clarified federalism by declarin gthat the national government may not force states to enforce federal law?

Printz v. U.S.

The American Disabilities Act (ADA) requires states and local governments to provide equal access for the disabled. This is an example of a

mandate

The power of the national government to regulate interstate commerce was expanded in teh landmark case of

Gibbons v. Ogden

Which of the following actions by the federal government best illustrates the concept of unfunded mandates?

Requiring states and municipalities to privatize many previously publicly funded services

States have found federal funding attractive for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

Federal grants rarely come with strings attached

Which of the following Constitutional provisions has been interpreted as weakening the Tenth Amendment?

the necessary and proper clause

Which of the following is a key concept of federalsim?

The line between national and state powers is often unclear and flexible

The constitution delegates Congress the power to lay taxes and coin and borrow money. this is an example of

enumerated powers

Of the following, which has been used to expand the power of the national government

The commerce clause of the Constitution

Which of the following is the best example of devolution

block grants, but which money from the national governmetn is given to the states for discretionary use with broad guidelines

Which of the following is NOT a way in which the federal government regulates campaigns

by prohibition on negative advertising

A prominent example of the process of returning more responsibility of governing from the nation level to the state level is

welfare reform

Which of the following is an example of presidential use of inherent powers?

Thomas Jefferson's Louisiana Purchase

What is the main difference between a primary and a caucus?

Causcuses are meetings of many different pary members and primaries are elections.

The term "frontloading" specifically refers to:

States hold their primaries earlier and earlier in the primary season

Today, the most important function of a party's national convention is to

formally nominate the president and vice president

The term "superdelegate" refers to

elected officials who are not required to pledfe themselces in advance to a presidential candidate

The Defense of Marriage Act

Permits states to disregard same-sex marriages or civil unions issued in other states

The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (McCain-Feingold) attempted to

ban soft money donations to national political parties

The main loophole to the MCCain Feingold Act is

527's

Which of the following is a correct statement about political action committees (PAC's)?

PAC's campaign contributions to a candidate are limited by law.

Giving state governments greater discretion in deciding how to achieve the specific goals of welfare reform is an example of

devolution

The goal of the Federal Election Campaign Act was to

make campaigns more fair and transparent

Which of the following is the best example of a categorical grant?

money given to states for special education programs

compared to the general population, delegates to teh presidential nomination conventions are

more ideological

Before primaries existed, state parties selected their delegates to the national convention through which of the following processes

local committee conventions

if presidential candidates accept federal support in the form of matching campaign financing,

then they agree to limit their campain expenditures to an amount prescribed by federal law

Which of the following constitutional principles most directly addresses the relationship between the national and state governments

Federalism

In Buckley v. Valeo, the Supreme Court

struck down the part of the Federal Election Act that restricted the amount individuals could contribute to their own campaign.

Soft money is

unregulated donations to political parties for party building expenses

The constitutional requirement that the states return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment is known as

extradition

Among the concurrent powers of the U.S. system is

taxation

Groups that are referred to as "527s"

are allowed to create issue ads because they do not directly advocate the election or defeat of any candidate for federal office

Which of the following best describes the difference between open and closed primary?

Only voters who register as members of a political party may vote in that party's closed primary, while independents and others may be eligible to vote in open primaries.

Ths supreme Court ruled which of the following concerning the death penalty

The death penalty is not necessarily cruel and unusual punishment.

Cooperative federalism can be best described by which of the following statements

different levels of government are involved in common policy areas

Which of the following campaign financing reforms has been adoped

abolishing soft money contributions

The specific goal of the presidential nomination game is to

win the majority of delegates votes in order to win the party nomination

Congress has set the day for national elections as

the Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years

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