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Feudalism

The social system that developed in Europe in the 8th Century.

King Charlemagne

A king of Medieval Europe who wanted to make the Christian Army as large as the Roman Army had been when he ruled.

Kings

On top of the Feudal System and looked over their people.

Lords

People of high rank who received land in exchange for their loyalty

Vassals

Lesser lords who pledged their service and loyalty to a greater lord in a military capacity.

Military Officers

People of high rank in a military force, such as captains, admirals ,and generals.

Pages

In medieval times a youth acting as a knight's attendant as the first stage in training for knighthood.

Squires

Young nobleman attendant on a knight.

Knights

Originally people of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry.

Chivalry

The medieval principles of knighthood.

Serf

A person who is bound to the land and owned by a feudal lord.

Magna Carta

The royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215.

Hanseatic League

An economic and defensive alliance of the free towns in northern Germany, founded about 1241 and most powerful in the fourteenth century.

Fief

A piece of land held under the feudal system.

Guilds

Formal associations of people with similar interests.

Town Life

How life was in towns.

Merchant

Business person engaged in retail trade.

Banker

Someone who owns or is an executive in a bank.

Middle Class

The social class between the lower and upper classes.

Black Death

The epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe.

Catholic

Of or relating to or supporting Catholicism.

Cathedral

The principal Christian church building of a bishop's diocese.

Tithe

An offering of a tenth part of some personal income.

Excommunication

The act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church.

Crusades

Any of the continuous military expeditions in the 11-13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims.

Wooden Thatched Houses

Had bare floors, no glass windows and were shared with animals.

Toys and Games Played/Made

Chess

Dining

Most people ate wheat, while the high class ate meats.

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