What mountain range lies between India and China?
An ancient civilization flourished in this river basin between Pakistan and India from around 2600 BCE to 1600 BCE.
These tribes from the northwest overcame what was left of the Indus Valley civilization and settled in the region around 1600-1500 BCE.
The Aryans introduced this language, along with the Vedic religion, a precurser to Hinduism, and the caste system.
These are sacred texts in the Hindu religion. They are a set of four collections of hymns and religious ceremonies transmitted by memory through the centuries by Aryan priests.
This is the highest Indian caste, including priests and religious officials.
This is the 2nd of the Indian castes and includes warriors, rulers, and large landowners.
This is the 3rd Indian caste and includes farmers, merchants, traders, and artisans.
This is the 4th Indian caste and includes servants and peasants.
These people are at the bottom of the Indian social order and are deemed only fit for menial tasks.
This document bans caste-based discrimination, but the caste system, and its injustices, persist, especially in the countryside and rural villages of India.
Name the legendary founder of Buddhism (obviously, he is known as the Buddha, but what other name did he have)?
In what present-day country was Siddartha Gautama born in 563 BCE?
He was the 3rd ruler of the Mauryan Empire and the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. (270-232 B.C.E.). He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars, the earliest surviving Indian writing.
He founded India's first empire. He was an Indian prince who conquered a large area in the Ganges River valley soon after Alexander invaded western India.
This 33 mile long pass provides a passage through the rugged Hindu Kush Mountains that separate Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has been used by Alexander the Great, Huns, Arab Moslems, and eventually various Europeans to invade India.
In 1858, India became a part of what empire?
In 1633, this man commissioned the Taj Mahal to be built as a mausoleum for his beloved wife who had died giving birth to their 14th child.
Whose mausoleum was the Taj Mahal?
In what city will you find the Taj Mahal? It's near Delhi.
This man helped initiate a non-violent freedom movement that, in 1947, won India its full independence from Britain.
In Hinduism, this is a term of respect for a Brahmin wise man. It means "great soul," and it was given to Mohandas Gandhi.
When India gained its freedom from Great Britain, it was divided into two nations, India and this Muslim state. There was a huge migration between these two countries and riots and bloodshed that killed millions.
India's majority population is a member of this religion.
A still unresolved conflict over the status of these two regions led to warfare between India and Pakistan in 1947, 1965 and 1999.
When India and Pakistan gained their independence, a Muslim region to the East of India was also delineated. Originally called East Pakistan, it gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Name this country.
Name the boundary line which was drawn to separate Hindu India from Muslim Pakistan. It was hastily conceived and poorly researched, cutting villages and populated areas in half and resulting in many deaths in the conflicts that followed.
A high area of land at the center of the Indian subcontinent.
Western and Eastern Ghats
These two mountain ranges flank either side of the Deccan Plateau.
This river, which originates in the mountains of Tibet, is holy to Hindus and flows from north central India into Bangladesh and then into the Bay of Bengal.
This is the main river of Pakistan. It originates in the mountains of Tibet and flows into the Arabian Sea.
This northeastern region of India was the first part of the area to be conquered by the British in the eighteenth century. It remained the political and economic center of British India throughout the nineteenth century. Today this region includes part of Eastern India and all of Bangladesh.
This river flows from the mountains of Tibet. It flows southwest into Bangladesh and there joins with the Ganges River.
What is the largest city in India?
This capital of India is a division of the old city of Delhi.
This is the financial capital of India. It is in western India just off the coast of the Arabian Sea.
This was the old (colonial) name of the city of Mumbai.
In 2000, the colonial city of Calcutta in India was changed to this local Indian version of the name.
Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, other
About 72 of India's population is this , ethnicity, 25% this ethnicity, and 3 percent this ethnicity.
Speakers of this language group live in Southern India and were probably pushed there by the Aryan invasions. Their skin is typically darker than the northern Indian Aryan descendents.
This is India's main official language, but it is the native tongue of only about 1/3 of the population.
Less than 2% of Indians practice this monotheistic religion founded in the Punjab in the 15th centure CE. They stress non-violence and are a blending of elements of Buddhism, Hinduism and Sufism.
This region, south of Kashmir, straddles the India-Pakistani border. The Sikh religion comes from here.
This relgion branched off from Hinduism and was founded by Mahavira; its belief is that everything has a soul, and its purpose was to cleanse the soul. Almost all are vegetarians and some are extreme aesthetics.
Indian version of Hollywood (film industry), centered in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The world's largest motion-picture industry can be found here.