Parts of the Cell

16 terms by alholmes 

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Plasma Membrane

external boundary of a cell; regulates flow of materials into and out of the cell

Organelle

specialized structures in a cell that perform specific metabolic functions.

Cell

the structural and functional unit of all living things.

Lysosomes

contains digestive enzymes of many varieties; "stomach of the cell"

Mitochondria

scattered throughout the cell; major site of ATP synthesis.

Microvilli

slender extensions of the plasma membrane that increase its surface area

Inclusion

stored glycolgen granules, crystals, and pigments, and so on

Golgi Apparatus

membranous sustem consisting of flattened sacs and vesicles; packages proteins for export.

Nucleus

control center of the cell, necessary for cell division and cell life.

Centrioles

two rod-shaped bodies near the nucleus; the basis of cilia

Nucleolous

dense darkly staining nuclear body; packaging site for ribosomes

Microfilaments

contactile elements of cytoskeleton

Endoplasmic reticulum

membranous system that has "rough" and "smooth" varities

Ribosomes

attached to membrane systems or scattered in the cytoplasm; synthesize proteins.

Chromatin

threadlike structures in the nucleus; contain genetic material (DNA)

Peroxisomes

site of detoxification of harmful chemicals

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