amicus curige brief
Summarizes a case and how it relates. A pursuasivee essay arguing a point of view backed by supreme court cases
.... not same/?!?!?/
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress
A theory that a few top leaders make the key decisions without reference to popular decisions.
free rider problem
the problem faced by interest groups when citizens can reap the benefits of interest group action without actually joining, participating in, or contributing money to such groups.
a focus on who is ahead in the primaries rather than substantive differences between candidates; more media attention to winning candidates, less time to issues
What the media's stories are over.....
A close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee and an interest group
party column ballot
A ballot listing all Candidates of a given party together under the name of that party
the practice of granting favors to reward party loyalty (belong to interest group= get stuff)
Employment cycle in which individuals who work for government agencies that regulate interests eventually end up working for interest groups or businesses with the same policy concern.
Voting for both parties on a ballot. (ex: one office D other R)
Funds obtained by political parties that are spent on party activities, such as get-out-there-and-vote drives, but not on behalf of a specific candidate.
A radio or video clip of someone speaking
organizations that, under section 527 of the internal Revenue code, raise and spend money to advance political causes.
Political Parties VS Interest groups
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office by suppling them with a label VS An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy.
Argues that separation of powers within the national government is the best way to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of one person or a single group.
PAC (Political Action Committee)
Groups that can collect political donations and make campaign contributions to candidates for office. A committee set up by a cooperation, labor union, or interest group that raises and spends campaign money from voluntary donations.
political channels through which peoples concerns become political issues on the policy agenda (elections, media, etc)
A meeting of elected party delegates every 4 years to nominate presidential and vice-presidential candidates and ratify a campaign platform.
information leaked to the media to test public reaction to a possible policy. (test public opinion)
Argued the latent causes of factions are sown in the nature of man.
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time.
single member district System
system in which one candidate is elected to a legislative body in each election district
Elected officials who serve as delegates to the national convention, that are political party leaders (did not run in primary)
placing a certain slant on a story to deflect negative public attention against a candidate or office holder.
One party holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress.
A group with a distinct political interest
FCC rule (no longer in effect) that required broadcasters to air a variety of viewpoints on their programs.
the media attacks when they sense wrongdoing or scandal in government and devote great amounts of coverage to stories.
a lawsuit or legal proceeding; as a form of political participation, (to sue, how a law is interpreted)
a group of people who try actively to influence legislation
An election in which candidates for office are not identified by party labels (ex: School board)
office column ballot
A Ballot listing all candidates for a given office under that name of that office
a staged campaign event that attracts favorable visual media coverage, (ex: a candidate reading to a group of school children.)
A person attempting to influence government decisions on behalf of an interest group.