4 Written questions
4 Multiple choice questions
- two opposing ideas presented in a parallel manner. Ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times..."
- writer uses grammatically similar constructions to create a sense of balance that allows the audience to compare and contrast the parallel subjects. Ex: "For the end of a theoretical science is truth, but the end of a practical science is performance."
- a metaphor in which the actual subject is represented by an item with which it is closely related. Ex: "Today, the White House issued a statement congratulating Congress on its passage of the new energy bill."
- usually found in poetry; writer speaks directly to an abstract person, idea, or ideal and is used to exhibit strong emotions. Ex: "Be with me Beauty, for the fire is dying."
3 True/False questions
analogy → comparison between two different items that an author may use to describe, define, explain, etc. by indicating their similarities. Ex: "The asphalt softened, the lawns grew spidery brown, and the dogs crept like shadows."
parenthesis → two opposing ideas presented in a parallel manner. Ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times..."
litotes → used for emphasis or affirmation and asserts a point by denying the opposite. Ex: "Tornadoes are not unheard of in Nebraska during the summer." (when in fact they occur frequently)