Chapter 10:DNA,RNA, & Protein Synthesis

11 terms by hayes214177 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

nucleotide

The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics

translation

the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm

anticodon

A sequence of three bases of a tRNA molecule that pairs with the complementary three-nucleotide codon of an mRNA molecule during protein synthesis.

deoxyribose

five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides

RNA

ribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that plays an important role in the production of proteins

replication

the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division

mutation

an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration

ribose

a five-carbon sugar present in RNA

transcription

the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA

codon

three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set