Global History unit 1 section 1

14 terms by bbmorgan

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nomads

persons who move from place to place in search of food

cultural diffusion

the exchange of ideas, customs, goods, and technologies among cultures

Neolithic

the period of human culture characterized by the development of a system of settled agriculture, also called the New Stone Age

technology

tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs

civilization

community characterized by elements such as a system of writing, development of social classes, and cities

polytheistic

believing in many gods

pharoah

ruler of ancient Egypt

Fertile Crescent

a crescent-shaped region in Egypt, created by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, with rich farmland

ziggurats

pyramid-like structures built by the Sumerians; housed shrines for a particular city's chief god or goddess

cuneiform

wedge-shaped writing formed by pressing a penlike instrument into clay

empire

group of states or territories governed by one ruler

Code of Hammurabi

a set of laws established by the Babylonian ruler; first major collection of laws in history

Middle Kingdom

traditional name for Chinese civilization, so-called because the Chinese believed China was the center of the earth

dynasty

ruling family

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