persons who move from place to place in search of food
the exchange of ideas, customs, goods, and technologies among cultures
the period of human culture characterized by the development of a system of settled agriculture, also called the New Stone Age
tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs
community characterized by elements such as a system of writing, development of social classes, and cities
believing in many gods
ruler of ancient Egypt
a crescent-shaped region in Egypt, created by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, with rich farmland
pyramid-like structures built by the Sumerians; housed shrines for a particular city's chief god or goddess
wedge-shaped writing formed by pressing a penlike instrument into clay
group of states or territories governed by one ruler
Code of Hammurabi
a set of laws established by the Babylonian ruler; first major collection of laws in history
traditional name for Chinese civilization, so-called because the Chinese believed China was the center of the earth
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