Global Studies 9 unit V terms

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nationalism

a feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country

Kwame Nkrumah

...American educated leader of Ghana who organized a political party to battle the British; became prime minister in 1957

Jomo Kenyatta

...spokesperson for the Kikuyu people of Kenya who had been driven off their land by European settlers; became independent Kenya's first prime minister in 1963

Mau Mau Rebellion

...a military conflict that took place in Kenya between 1952 and 1960 by asecrect society made up mostly of Kenyan farmers who had been forced out of the highlands by the British

Pan-Africanism

...a movement emphasizing the unity of Africans and people of African descent all over the world

sepoy

Indian soldier serving in the army set up by the British or French East India Company

Sepoy Mutiny

...a rebellion in 1857, calling for Hindus and Muslims to unite against the British; they were crushe by British forces; left bitter feelings

civil disobedience

...the refusal to obey unjust laws

Mahatma Gandhi

...aka Mohandas Gandhi; leader in the 1920's and 1930's who headed the Indian nationalist movement; taught that nonviolent resistence and civil disobedience were the ways to win rights

Salt March

led by Mohandas Gandhi; to lead India to independence from Great Britain, who had been weakened from its involvement in WWII

Homespun Movement

in India; led by Mahatma Gandhi, to urge his people to boycott British textiles and instead wear their own homespun clothing

Indian National Congress

...formed in 1885; made up mainly of Hindu professionals and business leaders; called for greater democracy and western-style modernization of India

Jawarahal Nehru

...India's first prime minister in 1947; full of hope for India's future

Mohammad Ali Jinnah

...leader of the Muslim league who insisted that all Muslims resign from the Congress Party in India

Boxer Rebellion

...in 1900, a secret patriotic Chinese society called the Boxers attacked missionaries, diplomats, and other foreigners in China

Sun Yat-Sen

...a Chinese revolutionary, first president and founding father of the Republic of China; referred to as the "Father of the Nation" and the "forerunner of democratic revolution" in the People's Republic of China; played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty

"Three Principles of the People"

...outlined by Sun Yixian: nationalism, democracy, and people's livelihood; promoted by the Chinese National Assembly

communism

...the economic system based on the collective ownership of property and the means of production, with all the individuals expected to contribute to society according to their abilities and to receive from it according to their needs

capitalism

economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit

democracy

...system of government in which supreme authority rests with the people, either directly or through elected representatives

totalitarism

form of government in which a one-party dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspect of the lives of citizens

Mao Zedong

...China's greatest revolutionary leader; in the 1920's he developed his own brand of communism

Chiang Kai-shek

...aka. Jiang Jieshi; promised democracy and political rights to all Chinese; became president of the Nationalist Republic of China in 1928

Long March

...a retreat of the Guomindang forces, formed by Mao Zedong, of more than 6,000 miles, in 1934

militarism

the glorification of military power

Russo-Japanese War

...from 1904-05 the Japanese fought with Russia over a conflict in Korea; Japan's modern military crushed Russia troops and navy, taking complete control of Korea and part of Manchria by 1910

Sino-Japanese War

...conflict from 1894-95 between Japan and China over territorial ambitions in Korea; Japan quickly won, gaining Formosa (later Taiwan) and treaty ports in China

Rape of Nanking

aka. the Nanking Massacre; an episode of mass murder, rape and looting committed by Japanese troops against Nanking (current official spelling: Nanjing) during the Second Sino-Japanese War, in 1937

Pearl Harbor

...American military base in Hawaii attacked by the Japanese in 1941; more than 2,400 people were killed; President Roosevelt responded by declaring war on Japan

Hiroshima/Nagasaki

...in 1945 American planes dropped atomic bombs on these cities in Japan, killing 110,000 people

Ho Chi Minh

...communist leader of the Vietminh who declared Vietnam free; became leader of North Vietnam

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