Anatomy Chapter 7 Study Guide

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pectoral girdle

Which of the following is not a part of the axial division of the skeletal system?

all of the above

Which of the following is a function of the axial skeleton?

occipital

The foramen magnum would be found in the _______ bone.

coronal

The suture that forms the articulation of the two parietal bones is the ______suture.

frontal, parietal, and occipital

The calvaria is formed by the ____ bones.

nasal

Each of the following bones contributes to forming the orbit, except the _____ bone.

temporal and zygomatic

The zygomatic arch is formed by the union of processes from which two bones?

temporal

The external auditory meatus is found in the _______ bone.

mastoid process

The prominent bulge just posterior and inferior to the external auditory meatus is the

vomer and sphenoid bone

The bony portion of the nasal septum is formed by the

supraorbital foramen

Each of the following landmarks is associated with the occipital bone except the

muscles that close the mouth

The superior and inferior temporal lines mark the points of attachment for

tear glands

What would you find located in the lacrimal fossa?

mastoid process

A point of attachment for muscles that rotate or extend the head is the

styloid process

Ligaments that support the hyoid bone are attached to the

stylomastoid foramen

The facial nerve passes through the

mandibular notch

The structure that separates the condylar and coronoid processes of the mandible is the

mandibular fossa

The lower jaw articulates with the temporal bone at the

sella turcica

Each of the following is associated with the temporal bone, except the

salivary

The hypophyseal fossa or sella turcica contains the ______ gland.

lateral masses

Each of the following structures is associated with the sphenoid bone except the

crista galli

Membranes that stabilize the position of the brain are attached to the

both A and C

The bony roof of the mouth is formed by the ______ bone(s).

mental foramina

Nerves carrying sensory information from the lips and the chin pass through the

mandibular foramen

A nerve that carries sensory information from the teeth and gums of the lower jaw passes through the

all of the above

The hyoid bone

sphenoid

The bone that serves as a bridge uniting the cranial and facial bones is the

zygomatic

The nasal complex consists of all of the following bones except the

cause air to swirl within the nasal passageway

The superior and middle conchae

zygomatic

The paranasal sinuses are located in all of the following bones except the

Their mucous secretions help dehumidify and cool incoming air in the paranasal cavities

Which of the following statements about the functions of the paranasal sinuses is false?

the bones of the skull develop from a single ossification focus

Each of the following statements concerning the development of the skull is true, except that

allow for compression of the skull during childbirth

The role of the fontanel is to

cervical and lumbar

The four curves of the adult spinal column are not all present at birth. Which of the following are the secondary curves, or those that do not appear until several months later?

scoliosis

An exaggerated lateral curvature is termed

7

The vertebral column contains _______ cervical vertebrae.

axis

The odontoid process is found on the

seventh cervical

The verterbra prominens is another name for the _______ vertebra.

thoracic

Costal processes are located on ______ vertebrae.

12

The vertebrae column contains _______ thoracic vertebrae.

facets for the articulation of ribs

Thoracic vertebrae can be distinguished from other vertebrae by the presence of

5

The vertebral column contains ______ lumbar vertebrae

5

The sacrum is composed of ______ fused vertebrae.

3 to 5 fused

The coccyx is composed of _______ vertebra(e).

articulates with the first pair of ribs

All of the following are true of the sacrum, except that it

transverse process

The ribs articulate with the _____ of the vertebrae.

12

Humans normally have ________ pairs of ribs.

thoracic vertebrae

The costal groove would be found on

manubrium

The portion of the sternum that articulates with the clavicles is the

they have an inflexible connection at the sternum

All of the following are true of the ribs, except that

80

The axial skeleton is composed of _____ bones.

22

The skull contains ____ bones.

hollow

The cranial cavity is a ______ cavity that cushions and supports the brain.

both A and B

The role(s) of the sinuses include(s)

the mandible and the cranium

Sutures can be found at all of the joins of an adult skull except between

loss of motor control over back and neck muscles

Tim sustains injury to the medulla oblongata. You would expect him to exhibit

mandible

You witness two of your friends in a fight. Your friend Gregg is hit in the jaw and when looking at him, his face looks mis aligned. You immediately take him to the local emergency room and are not surprised to learn that he has a broken

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