TEAS test

175 terms by dugassis 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

theory

statement on what is thought to be true

independent variable

can be changed or altered

dependent variable

response observed by changing the independent variable

eukaryote cell

has a nuclear membrane

prokaryote cell

no nuclear membrane

cell

basic unit of life

unicellular

prokaryotic

multi-cellular

eukaryotic

osmosis

process of water molecules moving down the concentration gradient

homeostasis

to maintain a stable environment

natural selection

those with the most favorable traits have the most success in reproduction

semi-permeable

will only allow water to pass

selectively permeable

some molecules are allowed to pass through

diffusion

movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration

solute

salt or sugar

solvent

water

molarity

means concentration, the higher number of molarity, the more concentration

facilitated diffusion

molecules cannot diffuse without carrier proteins

passive transport

controls what enters and what leaves

organelles

structures within a cell

charles law

as temperature increases, volume increases

boyle's law

the pressure is inversely proportional to the volume of gas

compound

a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements

covalent bond

atoms linked together by sharing valence electrons

enzyme

protein catalyst

hypertonic solution

solution having a lower water concentration

hypotonic solution

solution having a higher water concentration

isotonic solution

a solution with an equal concentration

systolic pressure

the top number on a blood pressure reading

osmosis

passive diffusion of water molecules

active transport

molecules move up; requires energy

phenotype

the physical expressions of a gene

anaphase

sister chromatids separate, centremeres divide

metaphase

chromosomes align in the middle

telophase

chromatin expands; cytoplasm divides

prophase

chromatin condenses into chromosomes

four chemical bases of DNA

adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine

transcription

DNA to RNA

translation

RNA into protein

RNA

ribonucleic acid

integumentary components

skin, hair, nails

integumentary function

protect

tissues

epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous

5

how many lumbar nerves

8

how many cervical nerves

5

how many sacral nerves

12

how many thorasic nerves

autonomic

consists of sensory and motor neurons. controls involuntary responses

sympathetic

stimulates heartbeat, raises blood pressure, dilates pupils, dilates trachea and bronchi

parasympathetic

slow heartbeat, low-blood pressure, constricted pupils

anatomical position

body is facing forward, feet are parallel, and arms are at the sides with palms facing forward

lateral

toward the outer side of the body

proximal

superior/up

deep

away from the body surface

sagittal section

cut made along a longitudinal plane dividing the body into right and left parts

superficial

toward or at the body surface

dorsal body cavity

contains the cranial cavity and spinal column

locomotion

voluntary and involuntary movement of body via the musculoskeletal system

adaptation

receive, interpret, and respond to internal and external stimuli via the nervous system

endocrine function

secretes hormones

cardiovascular components

blood, heart, blood vessels

path of blood through the heart

comes in through the right ventricle

lymphatic function

transports and cleanses blood

lymphatic is connected to the

cardiovascular

alveoli

is where the gas exchange occurs

the mouth is to the

bolus (food)

trachea

part of the respiratory system contains mucus that traps bacteria

peristalsis

the movement of food through the intestines

LDL

low-density lipoproteins

synapse

neurons connect together

patella

kneecap

shoulder joint

ball and joint socket

lipid

a steroid is considered

prostaglandins

control blood pressure

surfactant

breathing properly requires the presence of what compound that affects surface tension of the alveoli in the lungs

transport

function of the kidneys

down syndrome affects chromosome

21

ear

the organ of corti is found in what area

D

the condition of rickets is associated with a deficiency in vitamin

vagus nerve

the X cranial nerve

fibula and tibia

2 bones found in the area between the knee and ankle

accuracy

how close your answer is to what the answer should be

precision

how close your measurements are to each other

mole

a word the describes a number

ion

an electolite

isotope

an atom of an element that has the same number of protons but different number of neutrons

electron shell

energy level

atom

smallest unit of matter

matter

anything that takes up space

valence electron

outside electrons

cat ion

positive ion

anion

negative ion

left of the periodic table

all metal

right of the periodic table

non-metals; do not conduct electricity

metal

always gives the electron; conduct electricity

atomic mass

atomic number equals number of neutrons

manganese

Mn

hydrogen

H2

nitrogen

N2

flourine

F2

chlorine

Cl2

bromine

Br2

catalyst

speeds up a reaction

oxidation

reduction; transfer of electrons

endothermic

requires energy

exothermic

_________reaction produces heat

the greater the heat capacity

the less the temp will change

the lower the specific heat capacity

the hotter it will get

conduction

occurs through direct contact

convection

transfer of heat in air

radiation

transfer of energy

conduction, convection, radiation

what are the three methods of heat transfer

what happens when an ice cube is placed in a glass of water

water releases heat to ice in process conduction

ionic bond

a combo of sodium and chlorine to form NaCl

valence

outer shell electrons

maltase

breaks down maltose to glucose

sublimation

solid to gas

condensation

gas to liquid

solid

holds shape; fixed volume

archimedes' principle

an object immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of fluid displaced by the object.

lewis acid

electron pairacceptor; will turn red

lewis base

electron pair donor, will turn blue

acetic acid

vinegar is also known as

potential energy

stored energy

the longer the wave length

the shorter the frequency

the shorter the wavelength

the higher the frequency

pulley

simple machine that uses grooved wheels and a rope to raise, lower or move a load (blinds)

lever

stiff bar that rests on a support called a fulcrum which lifts or moves loads (hammer)

wedge

object with at least one slanting side ending in a sharp edge, which cuts material apart (shovel)

wheel & axle

wheel with a rod, and an axle, through its center (bike)

inclined plane

slanting surface connecting a lower level to a higher level (ladder)

screw

an inclined plane wrapped around a pole which holds things together or lifts materials (screw)

newtons first law of motion

every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it (gravity) INTERTIA

what powers the hydrologic cycle

heat energy from the sun

sedimentary rock

rock shatters

igneous rock

volcano or magma

tectonic plate movement

metamorphic rocks

metamorphic rocks

heat and pressure form

3 types of tectonic plate boundary

convergent, divergent, transform

convergent

ocean & land

divergent

plates pull apart (volcano forms)

transform

rub against each other forming hurricane

tectonic plates moving in ocean could cause

volcanic eruptions

cirrus clounds are

above 18,000 feet

cumulus, stratus, and stratocumulus clouds

below 6,000 feet

my very excellent mother just sent us nine pizzas

M.V.E.M.J.S.U.N.P

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set