(1744-1818) At age 19, Abigail married John Adams. When John Adams became the 2nd president of the United Sates, this made Abigail Adams the 2nd first lady. We have learned about the fight for independence from her letters that she wrote to John Adams.
A successful lawyer sent to represent Massachusetts in the First Continental Congress. H e was also a delegate in the Second Continental Congress and it was John Adams that recommended George Washington to command America's new Continental Army. John Adams helped to prepare the Declaration of Independence.
Adams helped start an organization called the Sons of Liberty. Following the Boston Massacre, he put up posters saying that the British had slaughtered innocent Americans. He revived the Committee of Correspondence to spread the word of the complaints against the British. Adams also strongly protested the Tea Act and he was one of the men who dumped the 342 chests of tea during the Boston Tea Party. He said "What a glorious morning this is!" when he heard the British were coming because Adams was a patriot ready to fight for American independence. He was also part of the first and second Continental Congress
Captain of Connecticut militia authorized to raise a force of 400 to seize Fort Ticonderoga on lake Champlain. He joined the Allen's force, known as the Green Mountain Boys, captured Fort Ticonderoga in May 10th, 1775.
Harsh laws passed by Parliament in the spring of 1774, following the Boston Tea Party, intended to punish the people of Massachusetts for their resistance. These laws closed Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea, which closed it for the arrival of food and other goods too. The laws also removed certain rights like town meetings and the right to try royal officers accused of crimes in their colony. The Coercive Acts also forced the people of Boston to shelter soldiers in their homes.
A pamphlet published by Thomas Paine in January 1776 that used bold language to get the attention of the American colonists. It called for complete independence from Britain arguing that it was not just about unfair taxes but a struggle for freedom and that it just made common sense to stop following King George III.
He was a dockworker who was part African and part Native American and among the five colonists found dead after the Boston Massacre.
Daughters of Liberty
Groups, organized by women, that protested the Townshend Acts by supporting the boycott of British goods, by urging Americans to wear homemade fabrics, and produce other goods that were available only from Britain before. They believed this would help the American colonies become economically independent. Later, to protest the Tea Act, they issued a pamphlet stating they had rather part with their tea than their freedom.
A leader of the Sons of Liberty who rode with Paul Revere to Lexington to warn them that the British where coming
British East India Company
The British trading company that faced ruin which was the reason Parliament to pass the Tea Act, removing most taxes and bypassing colonial merchants, giving the British owned company an unfair advantage since they could sell their tea much cheaper than the colonial merchants, causing protests and the Boston Tea Party.
First Continental Congress
An organization formed in September 1774, in which 55 men from the colonies met in the city of Philadelphia to establish a political body to represent American interests and challenge British control
Sir Thomas Gage
A British general that had several thousand soldiers under his command in and around Boston. Gage was instructed to take away the weapons of the Massachusetts militia and arrest the leaders. He also ordered 700 troops under Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Smith to march "to Concord, where you will seize and d estroy all the artillery and ammunition you can find."
In 1763 he became the prime minister of Britain. Greenville was determined to reduce Britain's debt so he decided to take action against smuggling in the colonies by having Parliament authorize the writs of assistance, allowing customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goods. Grenville also tried to increase tax revenue with the Sugar Act, lowering tax on molasses hoping colonist would pay the tax instead of smuggling. The Sugar Act also let officers seize goods from smugglers without going to court.
He was a very wealthy merchant and protest leader. Hancock was the owner of a boat named the Liberty which was seized when Hancock was accused of smuggling. This was called the Liberty affair and united colonists against Britain. He was the president of the Second Continental Congress. Hancock helped to write and was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
A successful man and known as the best lawyer in Boston. He was from Virginia and was a young member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. Henry persuaded the burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act. He said "Give me liberty or give me death!" He was part of the first and second Continental Congresses
He was a lawyer and political leader sent from New York to the First Continental Congress.
He was only 32 years old when the Continental congress began. Jefferson was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. He served as a delegate in the first and second Continental Congress. He was a brilliant thinker and writer. Jefferson was selected to write the Declaration of Independence.
Richard Henry Lee
- An outspoken defender of colonial rights sent from Virginia to the First Continental Congre ss.
A ship that belonged to John Hancock that was seized by customs officials when they accused him of using it to smuggle goods when he was only unloading a shipment of wine and taking on new supplies. This made the colonists angry and was one of the events that united the colonists against British policies.
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
The Olive Branch Petition
It assured the king of the colonists' desire for peace. It asked the king to protect the colonists rights, which parliament seemed determined to destroy
He was a young lawyer in Boston that defined and defended colonial rights.
He published the pamphlet called Common Sense that inspired thousands of Americans to fight for their freedom
British government that was determined to control, and sometimes to destroy, the colonist's rights.
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
was a leader of the Sons of Liberty; he rode to Lexington with William Dawes to warn Samuel Adams that the British were coming. As he galloped across the countryside he shouted to the people and houses along the way, "The regulars are out!"
Second Continental Congress
An organization that assembled for the first time on May 10, 1775, and included some of the greatest political leaders in America, many from the First Continental Congress and several distinguished new delegates. John Hancock was chosen as president of the Second Continental Congress. It began to govern the colonies by authorizing the printing of money, setting up a post office, establishing committees to communicate with Native Americans and other countries, and creating the Continental Army to fight against Britain.
Sons of Liberty
An organization started by Samuel Adams to protest the Stamp Act; this group burned effigies of unpopular tax collectors and destroyed the homes of royal officials.