Global History Unit 1 section 2

19 terms by bbmorgan

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Mandate of Heaven

...according to Chinese tradition, the divine right to rule

feudalism

...system of government in which local lords control their own lands but owe military service and other support to a greater lord

Qin

...dynasty from 221 B.C. - 206 B.C.; Great Wall built to keep out invaders

Han dynasty

...206 B.C. - A.D. 220; under it a civil service system was adopted; established Confucian values in government and in daily life; golden age in China; advances in technology, science, and the arts

Maurya dynasty

...ruled over the first united Indian empire from 321 B.C. to 185 B.C.; peace and prosperity resulted, and trade flourished

bureaucracy

system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials

Asoka

...Maurya leader who turned to Buddhism, hoping to rule by moral example rather than by violence; he united his diverse people and brought peace and prosperity to China

polis

...city-state in ancient Greece

aristocracy

a government ruled by an upper class

direct democracy

...system of government in which citizens participate directly rather than through elected representatives

Hellenistic

...type of culture, resulting from Alexander the Great's conquests, that blended eastern and western influences

republic

...system of government in which officials are chosen by the people

Senate

...the most powerful governing body of ancient Rome

patricians

...member of the landholding upper class in ancient Rome

plebeians

...member of the lower class in ancient Rome, which included farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders

Pax Romana

...term meaning "Roman Peace" for a period covering about 200 years beginning with the reign of Augustus

Laws of the Twelve Tables

...laws of ancient Rome written on twelve tablets and displayed in the marketplace

aquaducts

...bridge-like stone structure that brings water from hills to cities, first used by ancient Romans

Silk Road

...ancient trade route that linked China with lands to the west

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