quick, upward pulls into the diaphragm to force out an obstruction blocking the airway
beginning process of a patient, beginning process of a patient; admission of a resident into a long term care facility
Alternating Pressure Mattress
[P]:alt pressure increase/decreases with use of pump; [TNI]:Assess on admit/schedule limited mobility + drainage, body fluids, contained pus, Stage III/IV; post operative flap, pain management; [R]: pressure can be reduced under bony prominences but increased under others
an irreversible, progressive brain disorder, characterized by the deterioration of memory, language, and eventually, physical functioning
tight-fitting elastic fabric applies pressure, compressing veins and helping to return blood
a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune
giving assistance, Special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADL's; also called adaptive devices
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission
Basic Skin Care
Clean and moisturize your skin daily. Block the sun. Seek professional help for skin problems. Eat a balanced diet. Self screening.
a metal or plastic frame suspended over the hospital bed to keep the weight of the linen off the resident's body
goal is to gain control of urination done as directed by nurse and care plan person uses toilet/pan at frequent regular intervals and is slowly increased.
tears, saliva, sputum (mucous coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, and pus or other wound drainage
program that manipulates factor within a person's control (timing of defecation, exercise) to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation with medications or enemas
exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration
gain attention, position at their level, face when speaking, check wearing hearing aid and it is finctional & clean, speak slowly & clearly, adjust pitch to mid tone, dont cover mouth, state topic first, tell them when chaging subject, use short simple sentences, gestures & expressions, restate as needed be alert, reduce or eliminate background noise
bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal
eye disease in which the lens becomes covered in an opaque film that affects sight, eventually causing total blindness.
Providing care for a urinary cat, hygiene measures used to keep the meatus and adjacent area of the catheter clean
Cerebral Vascular Accident
is a sudden interference in brain function caused by an interruption in the blood flow through the blood vessels in the brain; also called stroke or CVA. A stroke may be caused by a clot ischemic stroke, or by a break in the blood vessel in the brain a hemorrhagic stroke
registered nurse or licensed practical nurse;supervises the other nurses for a particular shift
Clear Liquid Diet
a diet that consists of foods that are liquid at room temperature and leave little residue in the intestine. Ex: Water, Sprite, Ginger Ale, all beverages without any residue, broth, Jello
should be applied for 20 minutes at 59* to relieve inflammation and edema, should observe for adverse reactions such as burning skin, erythema, extreme paleness or cyanosis
something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury)
Competency Evaluation Program
state operated program to certify skills persons wanting to be a nurse assistant
the act of holding information in confidence, not to be released to unauthorized individuals
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen
used when caring for people infected with pathogens that can be transmitted directly or indirectly
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
one milliliter (mL) is a unit of measure equal to one cubic centimeter (cc). 1 oz.=30 mL or 30 cc. 1/4 cup= 2 oz.= 60 mL. 1/2cup= 4 oz.= 120 mL. 1 cup= 8 oz.= 240 mL. Use your facility's policies on whether to document using "mL" or "cc"
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic bronchitis - bronchiole lining inflamed, excess mucus formed; emphysema - walls of alveoli break down; HYPOXIC DRIVE (not in asthma)
use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired or that a certain behavior should stop
the bluish color of the mucous membranes, nail beds, and skin that occurs when blood is not picking up an adequate amount of oxygen from the lungs
Death and Dying
death as an orderly transition involving five stages. denial, anger, negotiation, resignation, and acceptance
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes
a defense mechanism in which unpleasant thought or desires are ignored or excluded from consciousness
a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin, any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
Measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measurement of the constant pressure in arteries.
the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body
the official release of a resident from a health care facility to their home; the team helps prepare the resident to leave
a resident that does not know: who he or anyone is (person), town/city (place),current year (time) or is generally confused
The systematic, logical, and consistent recording of a patient's health status-history, examination, tests, results, of treatments, and observations-in chronological order in a patient's medical record.
Lack adequate sebum production exhibits heightened sensitivity; prone to fine lines and wrinkles presents small pores appears thin and delicate
disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult
accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move
The risk control measures used to protect people and property from the adverse effects of hostile fires.
a piece of wood or plastic placed at the end of the hospital bed and used for positioning the resident's feet
a medical device which is inserted into a patient's stomach to supplement his or her diet.
a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications
the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
The process by which people cope with death and dying; denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived
Do this thoroughly when finished with the activity. Use antibacterial soap and warm water. Lather both sides of your hands and between your fingers. Rinse well.
treatment of the terminally ill in their own homes, or in special hospital units or other facilities, with the goal of helping them to die comfortably, without pain
a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling
surgical procedure that creates an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall to function as an anus
a system that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.
Intake and Output
I&O; is one tool to assess fluid status by keeping a record of a client't fluid intake and fluid loss overa a 24-hour period.
keeping an infected person in the hospital or staying at home in bed when suffering form a disease as a way of controlling the transmission of infectious diseases
cleaning around the IV site while refraining from tugging or putting strain on the IV or tubing.
medical equipment that assists or replaces important bodily functions and so enables a patient to live who otherwise might not survive
a small, flat sheet that is placed over the middle of the bottom sheet, covering the area of the bed from above the person's shoulders to below his or her buttocks
consist of liquids ( a liquid is described as food that is fluid at room temperature or becomes liquid at room temperature
Mechanical Soft Diet
..., Foods that are prepared with blender, food processors, or cutting utentsils. Does not limit spices, fat, & other fiber. Only texture of food changes.
a disorder that affects a person's mind, causing the person to act in unusual ways, experience emotional difficulties or both
cleaning the teeth of a peron in the moring and at night; also sometimes after eating a meal
A chronic disease of the central nervous system marked by damage to the myelin sheath. Plaques occur in the brain and spinal cord causing tremor, weakness, incoordination, paresthesia, and disturbances in vision and speech