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Ohio State STNA terms required to be known by the state.

Abandonment

withdrawing support or help despite allegiance or responsibility

Abdominal Thrust

quick, upward pulls into the diaphragm to force out an obstruction blocking the airway

Abduction Pillow

goes between the legs; it helps keep the legs spread

Abuse

cruel or inhumane treatment

Accidents

an unfortunate event resulting from carelessness or ignorance

Activities

things that are done for enjoyment, often as part of education and often in groups.

ADL

Activities of daily living

Admission

beginning process of a patient

Admitting Resident

beginning process of a patient, beginning process of a patient; admission of a resident into a long term care facility

Affected Side

a weakened side from a stroke or injury; also called the "weaker" or "involved" side.

Agitation

a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance

Alternating Pressure Mattress

[P]:alt pressure increase/decreases with use of pump; [TNI]:Assess on admit/schedule limited mobility + drainage, body fluids, contained pus, Stage III/IV; post operative flap, pain management; [R]: pressure can be reduced under bony prominences but increased under others

Alzheimer's Disease

an irreversible, progressive brain disorder, characterized by the deterioration of memory, language, and eventually, physical functioning

Ambulation

the act of walking

Amputees

an individual who has had a limb cut off

Anger

occurs when the patient is no longer able to deny death

Antiembolic Stocking

tight-fitting elastic fabric applies pressure, compressing veins and helping to return blood

Anxiety

a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune

Aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

Appropriate Response

a reply that is made that is suitable for the circumstances

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint or joints

Aseptic

free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms

Assistive Device

giving assistance, Special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADL's; also called adaptive devices

Axillary Temperature

Temperature taken at the armpit

Back Strain

hurting ones back

Bacteria

single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission

Bargaining

occurs when patients accept death but want more time to live

Basic Needs

These are the things people cannot live without, such as food, clothing, and shelter

Basic Skin Care

Clean and moisturize your skin daily. Block the sun. Seek professional help for skin problems. Eat a balanced diet. Self screening.

Bathing

the act of washing yourself (or another person)

Bathing Resident

the act of bathing/ cleaning the resident

Bed Cradle

a metal or plastic frame suspended over the hospital bed to keep the weight of the linen off the resident's body

Bed Height

The level of a patient bed

Bed Position

the position the bed is in. also controlled by buttons on the control of the bed.

Bedpan

a shallow vessel used by a bedridden patient for defecation and urination

Bladder Training

goal is to gain control of urination done as directed by nurse and care plan person uses toilet/pan at frequent regular intervals and is slowly increased.

Blindness

the inability to see

Blood Pressure

the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels

Body Alignment

the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned with one another; posture

Body Fluids

tears, saliva, sputum (mucous coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, and pus or other wound drainage

Body Language

communication via the movements or attitudes of the body

Body Mechanics

The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury.

Bowel Program

program that manipulates factor within a person's control (timing of defecation, exercise) to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation with medications or enemas

Breathing

the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation

Burnout

exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration

Call Light

allows the patient to call for help

Cancer

any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division

Cane

held on strong side, goes forward with weak side before the strong side step after

Cardic Arrest

Sudden / unexpected stop of heart

Care Impaired

gain attention, position at their level, face when speaking, check wearing hearing aid and it is finctional & clean, speak slowly & clearly, adjust pitch to mid tone, dont cover mouth, state topic first, tell them when chaging subject, use short simple sentences, gestures & expressions, restate as needed be alert, reduce or eliminate background noise

Care Plan

a plan developed for each resident to achieve certain goals.

Cast

bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal

Cataracts

eye disease in which the lens becomes covered in an opaque film that affects sight, eventually causing total blindness.

Catheter Care

Providing care for a urinary cat, hygiene measures used to keep the meatus and adjacent area of the catheter clean

cc's in an ounce

30cc/mL

Centeral Nervous System

Brain and the spinal cord.

Cerebral Vascular Accident

is a sudden interference in brain function caused by an interruption in the blood flow through the blood vessels in the brain; also called stroke or CVA. A stroke may be caused by a clot ischemic stroke, or by a break in the blood vessel in the brain a hemorrhagic stroke

Charge Nurse

registered nurse or licensed practical nurse;supervises the other nurses for a particular shift

Circulation

The process of moving the blood in the veins and arteries throughout the body

Clarification

the act of making clear or understandable, an explanation

Clear Liquid Diet

a diet that consists of foods that are liquid at room temperature and leave little residue in the intestine. Ex: Water, Sprite, Ginger Ale, all beverages without any residue, broth, Jello

Clergy

A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.

Cold Compress

should be applied for 20 minutes at 59* to relieve inflammation and edema, should observe for adverse reactions such as burning skin, erythema, extreme paleness or cyanosis

Combative Resident

resident with violent or hostile behavior.

Comfort Care

therapies used to insure that a patient is pain free for the rest of his or life

Communication

the act of talking with someone and discussing something together

Compensation

something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury)

Competency Evaluation Program

state operated program to certify skills persons wanting to be a nurse assistant

Confidentiality

the act of holding information in confidence, not to be released to unauthorized individuals

Confused Resident

the inability to think clearly., a patient with a distorted mental status

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen

Constipation

irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels

Constrict

draw together; render narrower; shrink

Contact Isolation

used when caring for people infected with pathogens that can be transmitted directly or indirectly

Contamination

soiled through contact with nonsterile materials

Contracture

the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues

Converting Measures

one milliliter (mL) is a unit of measure equal to one cubic centimeter (cc). 1 oz.=30 mL or 30 cc. 1/4 cup= 2 oz.= 60 mL. 1/2cup= 4 oz.= 120 mL. 1 cup= 8 oz.= 240 mL. Use your facility's policies on whether to document using "mL" or "cc"

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic bronchitis - bronchiole lining inflamed, excess mucus formed; emphysema - walls of alveoli break down; HYPOXIC DRIVE (not in asthma)

Cueing

use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired or that a certain behavior should stop

CVA

cerebral vascular accident (stroke)

Cyanotic

the bluish color of the mucous membranes, nail beds, and skin that occurs when blood is not picking up an adequate amount of oxygen from the lungs

Death and Dying

death as an orderly transition involving five stages. denial, anger, negotiation, resignation, and acceptance

Dehydration

a serious reduction in the body's water content

Dementia

a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes

Denial

a defense mechanism in which unpleasant thought or desires are ignored or excluded from consciousness

Dentures

artificial teeth

Depression

a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity

Developmental Process

improve efficiency of functions

Diabetes

A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin, any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst

Dialysis

separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes

Diastolic

Measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measurement of the constant pressure in arteries.

Digestion

the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body

Discharging Resident

the official release of a resident from a health care facility to their home; the team helps prepare the resident to leave

Disinfection

destruction of pathogens by chemical or physical means

Disoriented Resident

a resident that does not know: who he or anyone is (person), town/city (place),current year (time) or is generally confused

Disposing of Contaminated Materials

dispose of in a designated biohazard bag/container

Documentation

The systematic, logical, and consistent recording of a patient's health status-history, examination, tests, results, of treatments, and observations-in chronological order in a patient's medical record.

Dressing

the act of applying a bandage; the activity of getting dressed

Dry Skin

Lack adequate sebum production exhibits heightened sensitivity; prone to fine lines and wrinkles presents small pores appears thin and delicate

Dying

process of decline in body functions, resulting in death of an organism

Dysphagia

condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful

Edema

swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue

Elastic Stockings

exert pressure on veins to promote blood flow, helping to prevent blood clot

Elevate Head

keeping the head raised above its normal level

Elimination

the act of removing or getting rid of something

Empathy

Identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives

Emphysema

disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult

Ethics

motivation based on ideas of right and wrong

Extremity

that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso

Eye Glasses

lens worn to aid vision

Falls

a steep descent

Fecal Impaction

accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move

Feeding

the act of supplying food and nourishment

Fire Safety

The risk control measures used to protect people and property from the adverse effects of hostile fires.

Flatus

a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus

Flexed

made tighter by bending; contracted

Fluid Intake

when a fluid is consumed into the body and is then recorded

Foot Board

a piece of wood or plastic placed at the end of the hospital bed and used for positioning the resident's feet

Foot Care

daily foot check for blisters, reddened areas, swelling

Foot Drop

The foot falls down at the ankle; permanent plantar flexion

Fowler's Position

a semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45 and 60 degrees

Fraud

a deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain

Free From Disease

aseptic or not having any disease

Frequent Urination

the reoccuring and often urge to urinate.

Gait Belt

device used to transfer people from one position to another or from one thing to another.

Gastric Feedings

a medical device which is inserted into a patient's stomach to supplement his or her diet.

Gastrostomy Tube

a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications

Geriatrics

the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people

Gestures

the ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with one another

Gloves

handwear: covers the hand and wrist

Grieving Process

The process by which people cope with death and dying; denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Hair Care

care for the hair; the activity of washing or cutting or curling or arranging the hair

Hallucination

delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived

Hand Tremors

uncontrollable movement of the hands

Hand Washing

Do this thoroughly when finished with the activity. Use antibacterial soap and warm water. Lather both sides of your hands and between your fingers. Rinse well.

Hearing Aid

an electronic device that amplifies sound and is worn to compensate for poor hearing

Hearing Impaired

Deaf, not able to hear

Hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus; the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Hospice Care

treatment of the terminally ill in their own homes, or in special hospital units or other facilities, with the goal of helping them to die comfortably, without pain

Hydration

taking in fluids so that the body functions properly

Ice Bag

a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling

Ileostomy

surgical procedure that creates an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall to function as an anus

Immune System

a system that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response

Impairment

the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness

Incontinence

involuntary urination or defecation

Indwelling Catheter

a catheter that stays in the bladder for a period of time.

Infection

the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease

Infection Control

methods to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious microorganisms

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