proclamation of 1763
Land cap established that drew a line that colonists could not cross.
*colonists payed little attention to this
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
committees of correspondence
Committees of Correspondence, organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies. They provided the organization necessary to unite the colonies in opposition to Parliament. The committees sent delegates to the First Continental Congress.
An alliance of five northeastern Amerindian peoples (after 1722 six) that made decisions on military and diplomatic issues through a council of representatives. Allied first with the Dutch and later with the English, it dominated W. New England.
Extended boundaries of Quebec and granted equal rights to Catholics and recognized legality Catholic Church in the territory; colonists feared this meant that a pope would soon oversee the colonies.
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
American colonial militia members who were supposed to be ready to fight at a minute's notice.
became british chancelor of the exchequer in april of 1763 imposed taxes like stamp act
The town is famous for being the site of the opening shots ("the shot heard 'round the world") of the Battle of Lexington, the first engagement of the American Revolution.
(1764) British deeply in debt partl to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
British governmental theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including Americans, even if they did not vote for its members
First colonist to raise the issue of taxation without representation (in protest of the Sugar Act)
town in eastern Massachusetts near Boston where the first battle of the American Revolution was fought
*british marched on concord for ammunition
-failed to get it
March 22, 1765 - British legislation passed as part of Prime Minister Grenville's revenue measures which required that all legal or official documents used in the colonies, such as wills, deeds and contracts, had to be written on special, stamped British paper. It was so unpopular in the colonies that it caused riots, and most of the stamped paper sent to the colonies from Britain was burned by angry mobs. Because of this opposition, and the decline in British imports caused by the non- importation movement, London merchants convinced Parliament to repeal the Act in 1766.
Second continental congress
met in 1776 organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Virginia stamp act of resolutions
led by patriot liberty, Va denounced the english crown and joioned Boston in their beliefs of no taxes
drafted the Declaration of Independence
* represented democratic, friend with John Adams
A member of the Virginia house of Burgesses who opposed British taxes;said, "Give me liberty or give me death!"
* formed the virginia assembly
The official army of the colonies, created by second continental congress and led by George Washington
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, founder of the sons of liberty, organized tea party
Olive branch Petition
On July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies.
Governor of Boston who ordered cargo of tea to be unloaded in Boston despite colonial objection
*leader of conservatives
a soldier of the American Revolution whose troops helped capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British (1738-1789)
Songs of Liberty
Colonists wrote songs that profused the anguish against the british
*helped spread patriotic ideas
the actual hill that the battle of bunker fought on, British won battle but with great cost-many of their men died.
"dont fire until you see the whites of there eyes"
Stamp act congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent
*met at bars taverns and homes
United States general and traitor in the American Revolution
stated that the English Parliament had complete control over the colonies,
gave the Bristish the right to tax colonies
Declaration of independence
This document was
adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the
majority of this document.
*signed by all the figure leaders of the Rev.
Daughters of Liberty
This orginization supported the boycott of British goods. They urged Americans to wear homemade fabrics and produce other goods that were previously available only from Britain. They believed that way, the American colonies would become economically independent.
Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
Philadelphia lawyer; reacted to "external" duties of Townshend Acts in Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer with argument that external taxation was legal only when designed to regulate trade, not raise a revenue
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
*very wealthy american merchant
Seven years war
Known in America as French and Indian war. It was the war between the French and their Indian allies and the English that proved the English to be the more dominant force of what was to be the United States both commercially and in terms of controlled regions.
British general who controlled Boston following the Boston Tea Party. Choosen by king to replace hutchinson as gov of mass.
June 1754 delegates from 7 colonies met with 150 Iroquois leaders at Albany, New York. Achieved neutrality between British and Iroquois. Colonies also agreed that Britain should appoint one supreme commander of all troops in colonies. Ben Franklin and others created Albany Plan of Union which proposed that colonies unite to form a federal government.
*nothing major accomplished
British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.
* john adams defended soliders
He had led troops (rather unsuccessfully) during the French and Indian War, and had surrendered Fort Necessity to the French. He was appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, and was much more successful in this second command.
*Later became first president of America
Boston lawyer who joined Rev. Movement
*Defender of boston massacre soliders (british)
*fought for justice and liberty
*later became 2nd pres of america
A volunteer group of soldiers that did not like British rule.
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
The Prime Minister of England during the French and Indian War. He increased the British troops and military supplies in the colonies, and this is why England won the war.
A delegate from Pennsylvania and proposed the "Albany Plan of the Union" as a way to strengthen colonies and diplomat sent to france to get help during revolution
Treaty of Paris
Agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent country
A British ship that got stuck on a sandbar chasing a smuggler. Colonist found the ship, forced the crew off and set the ship on fire.