major endocrine glands and some of their hormones

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Melatonin

Gland: pineal
Action: involved in rhythmic activities (daily and seasonal)

Hormones released by the posterior pituitary; releasing and inhibiting hormones that regulate the anterior pituitary.

Gland: Hypothalamus

Oxytocin

Gland: Posterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "letdown" reflex.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Gland: Posterior Pituitary
Action: promotes retention of water by kidneys.

Growth hormone (GH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates growth (especially of bones and muscles) and metabolism.

Prolactin (PRL)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates milk production.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates production of ova and sperm.

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates overies and testes.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Gland: anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates thyroid gland.

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids.

Thyroxine (T4)

Gland: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolism.

Triiodothyronine

Gland: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolism.

Calcitonin

Gland: Thyroid
Action: Reduces blood calcium level

Parathyroid hormone ( PTH)

Gland: Parathyroid
Action: Raises blood calcium level.

Thymosin

Gland: Thymus
Action: "Programs" T cells.

Epinephrine/Norepinephrine

Gland: Adrenal Medulla
Action: Increase blood glucose; increase rate of metabolism; constrict certain blood vessels.

Glucocorticoids

Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action: Increase blood glucose

Mineralocorticoids

Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action: Promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys.

Insulin

Gland: Pancreas
Action: Reduces blood glucose

Glucagon

Gland: Pancreas
Action: Raises blood glucose

Androgens

Gland: Testes
Action: Support sperm formation; development and maintenance of male seconday sex characteristics.

Estrogens

Gland: Ovaries
Action: Stimulate uterine lining growth; development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.

Progesterone

Gland: Ovaries
Action: Promotes growth of uterine lining.

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