Chapter 2 test APHG Population

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One important feature of the world's population with the most significant future
implications is that

the most rapid growth is occurring in the less developed countries.

Geographers define overpopulation as

too many people compared to resources.

The world's largest concentration of people is located in

East Asia.

The most populous country in the world is

China.

The world's population is clustered in five regions. Which of the following is not one
of these five regions?

Sub-Saharan Africa

Most people live in cities in which of these regions?

Western Europe

The most populous country in the Southeast Asia region is

Indonesia.

Human beings avoid all but which of these regions?

warm lands

Relatively few people live at high elevations, but there are significant exceptions,
especially in

Latin America.

Physiological density is the number of

persons per area suitable for agriculture.

A country with a large amount of arable land and a small number of farmers will
have a

low agricultural density.

Land suited for agriculture is called

arable land.

If the physiological density is much larger than the arithmetic density, then a country
has

a small percentage of land suitable for agriculture.

India and the United Kingdom have approximately the same arithmetic density.
From this we can conclude that the two countries have the same

number of people per area of land.

The annual global population growth rate increased approximately ten thousand
years ago because of the

agricultural revolution.

The annual global population growth rate increased approximately two hundred
years ago because of the

Industrial Revolution.

The medical revolution has been characterized by

diffusion of medical practices.

The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is

total fertility rate.

To study fertility, geographers most frequently use the

crude birth rate.

The world's population in 1995 was approximately 6 billion and was expected to
reach 12 billion in approximately 45 years. The period of 45 years is known as

doubling time.

The annual natural increase rate is currently approximately

1.25 percent.

A decline in a country's crude birth rate would result in an increase in the country's

doubling time.

Of the following four countries, the highest natural increase rate is found in

Uganda.

Of the following four countries, the lowest crude birth rate is found in

Denmark.

Which of the following rates are not typically found to be low in less developed
countries?

crude death rate

Costa Rica has a lower crude death rate than Sweden because Costa Rica

has a lower percentage of elderly people.

Among world countries, the spread between the highest and lowest crude death rates
is ________ than the spread between the highest and lowest crude birth rates.

less

Life expectancy is lowest in

Africa.

The total number of live births per year per 1,000 people in a society is the

crude birth rate.

The highest natural increase rates are found in countries in which stage of the
demographic transition?

Stage 2

The lowest crude birth rates are found in countries in which stage of the
demographic transition?

Stage 4

The highest crude death rates are found in countries in which stage of the
demographic transition?

Stage 1

Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 15. In what stage of
the demographic transition is this country?

Stage 4

Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 15, while Country Y
has a crude birth rate of 20 and a crude death rate of 9. Which country has a higher
natural increase rate?

Country X

For every 1,000 babies born in Mozambique this year, nearly 150 of them will die
before they reach their first birthday. The rate of 150 deaths per 1,000 births is known as
the

infant mortality rate.

Rapidly declining crude death rates are found in which stage of the demographic
transition?

Stage 2

More developed countries moved from Stage 1 to Stage 2 of the demographic
transition 200 years ago in part because of

invention of new technology.

The percentage of people who are too young or too old to work in a society is the

dependency rate.

The shape of a country's population pyramid is determined primarily by its

crude birth rate.

A crude birth rate of approximately 10 per 1,000 is typical of a country in which
stage of the demographic transition?

Stage 4

The country with the narrowest population pyramid is

Denmark.

England's population pyramid would most likely resemble that of

Denmark.

The population pyramid of Naples, Florida, is "upside down," because the city has a
large percentage of

elderly people.

In contrast to the experience of more developed countries, less developed countries
entered Stage 2 of the demographic transition through

diffusion of medical technology from other countries.

Thomas Malthus concluded that

the world's rate of population increase was higher than the development of food
supplies.

In comparing Malthus's theory to actual world food production and population
growth during the past half-century, the principal difference is that

actual food production has been much higher than Malthus predicted.

The principal reason for declining natural increase rates in less developed countries
today is

declining crude birth rates.

The low rate of contraceptive use in Africa reflects the region's

low status of women.

China's one child policy has resulted in a substantial decline in all but which of the
following?

doubling time

India's most controversial family planning program has been to

sterilize people.

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