Bronze Medallion / Cross - First Aid & CPR Review

36 terms by mlister 

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CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

AED

Automated External Defribulator

An infant in need of CPR will have-

no breathing and no signs of life

A child has a deep arm laceration on his arm and his face is moist and very pale. What would you do 1st?

Call 9-1-1

What is the bast way to tell if a victim is conscious?

Tap them and ask "Are you ok?"

The citizen responder's first step in an emergency is-

Recognize that an emergency exists

What are the 3 basic steps (in order) you should take in an emergency?

CHECK(victim & scene), CALL(911) CARE (for the victim)

A victim is found face up. What should you do first to check & see if he/she is breathing?

Perform the head-tilt/ chin-lift technique.

When checking a victim during the emergency action steps, What do you check first for?

Consciousness

What do you do to check an unconscious victim for signals of breathing?

Look, Listen, and Feel for breathing for no more than 10 seconds

When is consent to be cared for assumed?

In an unconscious victim

What should you see in a victim who can cough forcefully?

The victims chest clearly rises

The head-tilt/ chin-lift technique is used for-

Opening the airway

If you can not see, hear or feel any signals of life, what would your next step be?

Give 2 rescue breaths

What do you do if a victim vomits while providing rescue breaths?

Carefully turn victim on their side and bend the top leg and move it forward

Why don't you give large breaths during rescue breathing?

To reduce risk of gastric distention

What is the youngest age an AED is allowed on?

1 year old, with pediatric pads

You should continue CPR until-

You are to exhausted to continue, scene becomes unsafe, or help arrives to take over

The cycle of compressions to breaths in CPR for an adult victim is-

30 compressions to every 2 breaths

CPR done on an adult should include chest compressions done at a rate of-

about 100 per minute

How often should you stop and check for signs of life when performing CPR on an adult victim?

NEVER

Children, unlike adults do not often initially suffer form cardiac emergencies. Instead, children-

Suffer respiratory emergencies that develop into cardiac emergencies.

How much aid should you give when giving a rescue breath?

Just enough to make the chest rise

Why do you survey the scene?

To decide if it is safe to help and how you can help.

What do you use for compressions on an adult?

2 hands

To help a conscious choking adult, once they can no longer cough, breathe or speak, you should:

do abdominal thrusts until the object comes out or the person goes unconscious.

If unresponsive but breathing, you should:

place them into recovery position

If you suspect someone has a spinal injury you should:

tell them not to move

Signs of a stroke

weakness, numbness, bad vision, speaking issues

Signs of a heart attack

Radiating pressure, squeezing, or pain

How do you care for a nosebleed?

tilt head forward and pinch soft part of the nose

When should you remove an impaled objects like a knife?

Never

What is the alternative to abdominal thrusts for a conscious choking infant?

5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts

Examples of personal protective equipment include:

gloves and pocket mask

One indication that bleeding is severe is:

if it is spurting out with each beat of the heart

If bleeding is severe:

Call 911. Apply direct pressure, rest and elevate.

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