introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
The events after the climax which close the story.
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
the main character in a literary work
A person or force that opposes the central character, in a story.
A character who does not change during the story.
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
A flat character who possesses expected traits of a group rather than being an individual
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
the problem or problems characters face in a literary work
first person point of view
the narrator tells the story from the "I" point of view
third person limited
the narrator (not a character) focuses on thoughts and feelings of one of the characters.
third person omniscient
the narrator is not a character in the story and reports not only what can be seen and heard, but also the thoughts and feelings of all of the important characters
Message or statement about life in the story
The time and place of a story
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
the sequence of events in a story
the writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thought, words, and actions
Author directly describes character
initial incident or "inciting event"
The event that begins the problem or rising action. the primary conflict is revealed.
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
In this type of irony, facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or a piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work
The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.
a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
apprehension about what is going to happen
a conversation between two persons