a form of government intervention designed to influence the behavior of firms and individuals in the private sector. Examples may include price fixing or setting production or safety standards. (Deregulation is the opposite)
A political system that has sovereignty
A group of people with a common identity built upon a common language, history, race or culture
Advanced capitalistic democracies that promote civil liberties, existing mostly in the Northern Hemisphere.
Communist and Post Communist countries that applied socialistic policies and suppressed liberties.
Underdeveloped countries that lack economic resources. Politically may be a dictatorship or fledgling democracy. Mostly found in Southern Hemisphere.
The status of belonging to a particular nation by origin, birth, or naturalization.
Human groups that believe in their common descent because of similarities of physical type or customs or both.
Strict belief in sacred scripture and adherence to the traditional principles, often rejecting modernity where it comes into conflict with such principles
Division of groups in society on many different issues such as race, religion and socioeconomics
Cross Cutting Cleavages
Groups may share interest on some issues but are divided on others. For example differing religious groups may equally make up rich and poor.
Gross National Product (GNP)
The market value of goods and services produced by all citizens of a country (including people working abroad).
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)
Takes into account differing price levels from one country to another. Citizens of a certain country may be able to live on $3/day whereas another country may require $10/day to live.
The public's attitudes towards politics and their role within the political system.
How individuals form their political attitudes and thus, collectively how citizens form their political culture. Family, peers and media are all factors.