Law & Ethics Chapter 5

40 terms by kristen81783

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Abandonment

withdrawing medical care from a patient without providing sufficient notice to patient

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

causes immune system to break down, disease resulting in infections that occur as a result of exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Advance Directive

various methods by which a patient has the right to self-discrimination prior to a medical necessity, includes living wills, healthcare proxies and durable POA

Against Medical Advice

when a noncompliant patient leaves a hospital without physician's permission

Agent

person authorized to act on behalf of a patient

Consent

voluntary agreement that a patient gives to allow a medically trained person the permission to touch, examine and perform treatment

Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)

designation placed on a patients medical record indicating that in the case of cessation of circulation and breathing, CPR is not to be done

Durable Power of Attorney

legal agreement that allows an agent or representative of the patient to act on behalf of the patient

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

virus that causes the immune system to break down and can eventually result in AIDS

Implied Consent

patient indicates by behavior that he or she accepts procedure

Informed or Expressed Consent

consent granted by a patient after receiving knowledge and understanding of potential risks and benefits, signature indicates patient understands

In Loco Parentis

person assigned by a court to stand in place of the parents and possess their legal rights and responsibilities toward the child

Living Will

legal document where a person states that life sustaining treatments and nutritional support should not be used to prolong life

Minor

is not considered competent to give consent for most treatments and is less than 18 years of age

Parens Patriae Authority

occurs when the state takes responsibility from the parents for the care and custody of minors

Priviliged Communication

confidential information that has been told to a physician or attorney by the patient

Prognosis

prediction for the course of a disease

Proxy

person who acts on behalf of another person

Uniform Anatomical Gift Act

state statute allowing persons 18 or older and of sound mind to make a gift of any or all body parts for organ transplantation or medical research

Physician's Rights

right to select patients, right to determine type of service to provide, right to withdraw from relationship, right to vacation and time off

Physician's Responsibilities

human dignity, responsibility to society, continued study, to improve community, to patient is paramount

Professional Practice Responsibilities

during an emergency cannot ethically or legally turn away patient, if unable to treat must call for emergency assistance, cannot be turned away if indigent or uninsured

Patient's Rights

right to privacy, right to be informed of advantages and risks of treatment, right to confidentiality

Mature Minor

person in mid to late teens who for health care purposes is considered mature enough to comprehend physician recommendations and give informed consent

Patient's Responsibilities

make follow up appointments, monitor treatment and medication use if requested by physician, pay for medical services

Exceptions to Consent

need not inform of commonly known risks, need not inform if patient asks physician not to disclose risks, need not inform if may be detrimental to patient

Refusal to Grant Consent

adult patient concious and mentally capable refuses any treatment

Emancipated Minor

person in mid to late teens who legally lives outside parent or guardians control

Indigent

a poor person

Physician

a contract for services with this person includes agreement to pay for services received by patient, truthful disclosure by patient, agreement to provide services by the doctor

Physicians

may refuse to treat patients except in emergency, may withdraw from a contract if patient is uncooperative

HIV

must have patients informed consent to test for this

Physician

must complete a report of an HIV or AIDS diagnosis

HIPAA

breach of confidentiality is considered unethical and illegal and is prohibited by

Medical Ethicists

currently encourage healthcare providers to focus on the consequences of an action while protecting the patient and apply the principles of justice

Malpractice Insurance Premiums

an increase in these has caused physicians to charge more for services than in the past

Opportunistic Infections

infections responsible for life threatning illness in the AIDS patient are called...

Persuade Patient to Inform Partner

the physician who believes that his or her AIDS patient may place in jeopardy the health of others has an ethical obligation to...

Life or Safety of the Patient

patient confidentiality does not apply in the case of...

Parents

minor children may receive life saving treatment even though this person may refuse

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