study of structure
Study of function of body structures
Study of cells
Study of tissues
Study of large body structures visible to the naked eye
the branch of anatomy that studies the structure and function of the body's organ systems. (Student-friendly method)
the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
The study of landmarks on the outside of the human body that are created by underlying structures and their medical importance
When organs are reversed left to right. (Donny Osmond's appendix is on the left side of his body)
Two or more tissues integrated to perform a particular function
The level at which the majority of human illness and disease arises.
Largest organ of the body
Groups of similar cells combine to form...
Latin for handle
Latin for gladiator's sword
Greek for sword-shaped
When a person stands upright with the feet parallel and flat on the floor. The head is level and the eyes are looking forward at the observer. The arms are at either side of the body with the palms facing forward.
The person facing sideways
Divides between front and back. Also known as the frontal plane.
Divides the body into upper and lower portions. Also called horizontal plane or cross-sectional plane. The type of plane used on CT scans.
Divides the body into equal halves, left and right. Also known as the median plane. There is only one median plane.
The front. The same as ventral.
The front. Same as anterior.
The back side. Same as dorsal.
The back side. Same as posterior.
The top, or above. Same as cranial or rostral.
The top, or above. Same as cranial or superior.
The top, or above. Same as superior or rostral.
Down, or below. Same as caudal.
Closer to the inside of the body. Also known as Deep.
Closer to the outside of the body. Also known as Superficial.
Closest to point of attachment to trunk or midline OR closest to ANY point of reference that is given.
Organs are combined together to create a complete...
Breaking down and utilizing nutrients
Metabolism, growth and development, responsiveness to the internal and external environment, homeostasis, and reproduction
Things humans are capable of because of our complex level of organization
Regulation of the internal environment
To deliver nutrients and oxygen to every cell, and eliminate toxic wastes from each cell
Why we need the activities of our beautifully-interrelated organ systems
Emotional like a woman
Implies an actual cut or slice
implies an imaginary flat surface passing through the body
Divides between front and back. Also known as the coronal plane
Divides the body into upper and lower portions. Also called transverse plane or cross-sectional plane. The type of plane used on CT scans.
Divides the body into upper and lower portions. Also called horizontal plane or transverse plane. The type of plane used on CT scans.
Divides the body into equal halves, left and right. Also known as the midsaggital plane. There is only one midsagittal plane.
When a cut is done to the left or right of the midline. An infinite number of these planes exist and many such cuts are done in biological displays so that observers can "leaf through" slices of the human body like the pages of a book.
Down, or below. Same as inferior.
Closer to the inside of the body. Also known as Internal.
Closer to the outside of the body. Also known as External.
Toward the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body
Furthest from point of attachment to trunk or midline OR furthest from ANY point of reference that is given.
Axial region, appendicular region
The major regions of the body
Head, neck, trunk
Areas of the axial region
Upper extremity, lower extremity
Areas of the appendicular region
Facial region, Cranial region
Head is divided into which regions?
Eyes, nose, mouth
The facial region includes...
Covers and supports the brain
Location and function of cranial region
Supports the head and permits it to move. Also called cervical region.
Supports the head and permits it to move.
Also called the torso
Also called the trunk
chest, abdomen, pelvic region
The trunk region includes...
Also called the thorax
Also called the chest
Mammary region, sternal region, axillary region, vertebral region
Regions included in the thoracic region
Also called the mammary region
The region name for the breasts
Called the axillary region
The region name for the armpits
INSIDE the breasts
Also called umbilicus
Also called the navel
Bruise thing in/on/near the belly button associated with intra-abdominal bleeding (peritoneal bleeding, or more rarely, retroperitoneal bleeding)
Pubic area, perineum, lumbar region, sacral region, gluteal region
Pelvic region includes which regions?
Covered with hair in sexually mature persons
The region containing the external sex organs and the anal opening
Small of the back.
Midline of buttocks
Common site for intramuscular injections
Shoulder, upper arm, forearm, hand
The arm is divided into...
Between the arm and forearm. Not listed as part of the arm.
Between the forearm and hand. Not listed as part of the arm.
Palm, dorsum of hand, digits
The hand is comprised of...
Hip, Upper leg, knee, lower leg, foot
Lower extremity is divided into...
Shoulder or deltoid region
A common site for intramuscular injections (but not the buttocks)
Small depressed area on the front of the elbow
Typically used to remove venous blood or to inject medications
Area on the back of the elbow
Front of the hand
The back of the hand
Dorsum of hand
Thigh or femoral region
Back of the knee
Prominent bony ridge on the front of the lower leg
Muscular mass at the back of the lower leg
Junction between the leg and foot
Heel, plantar surface, dorsum of foot, digits
The foot is composed of...
At the back of the foot
Plantar surface (at the bottom of foot)
Top of foot
Dorsum of foot
Digits of foot
Posterior body cavity, ventral body cavity
Two principal body cavities
Cranial cavity, vertebral canal
The posterior body cavity includes...
Houses the brain
Houses the spinal cord and related structures
Thoracic cavity, abdominopelvic cavity
The ventral body cavity includes which cavities?
What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity?
The part of the serous membranes associated with the internal surface of the body wall.
The part of the serous membranes associated with the external surface of the organs
Lubricating serous fluid
Between the visceral and parietal layers of the serous membranes there is a serous cavity filled with...
Are organs inside the serous cavity? Think of the hand and the balloon.
A median space in the thoracic cavity which contains the heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several major blood vessels that connect with the heart.
the heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several major blood vessels that connect with the heart.
The mediastinum contains...
A two-layered serous membrane (and an outer fibrous layer) that encloses the heart
The outermost serous layer of the pericardium (and its associated fibrous layer)
Another name for the parietal pericardium
The external surface of the heart
Another name for the visceral pericardium
The potential space between the parietal and visceral pericardia and it contains lubricating serious fluid.
Like lotion on our hands, it keeps us from making noise and generating heat when our organs touch each other. Saves us from organ friction.
The two-layered serous membrane that lines the lungs
The outer layer of the pleura. Firmly attached to the chest wall and superior surface of the diaphragm
The inner layer of the pleura. The external surface of the lungs
The narrow, moist, potential space between the parietal and visceral pleurae. Contains lubricating serous fluid.
The line between the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity
Between the superior aspects of the hip (pelvic) bones
Where is the imaginary line drawn? (The line that separates the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity)
A moist, two-layered serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity
Lines the internal walls of the abdominopelvic cavity
Ensheathes the external surface of most digestive organs
The potential space between these serous membrane layers in the abdominopelvic cavity. Contains lunbricating serous fluid. A SMALLER enclosure within the abdominopelvic cavity.
Kidneys, pancreas, duodenum, ascending colon, descending colon, rectum, bladder
Abdominal organs in the abdominopelvic cavity but NOT in the peritoneal cavity
A diagnostic test in which rinse solution is inserted and then removed from the peritoneal cavity to detect traumatic damage.
Right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant
Strep throat, infected hip, pneumonia, or other things
Things that can make your belly hurt.
Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavities, middle ear cavities
In addition to the large ventral and posterior body cavities, there are several small cavities in the head:
Another name for oral cavity
Membranes that line cavities that open to the outside of the body
Respiratory tract, digestive tract, urinary tract, reproductive system
Mucous membranes line the:
The extremely painful spot on the abdomen when someone has acute appendicitus.