AP United States History Midterm Review

130 terms by cyangiraffe 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Mrs. Vann's Midterm Review. Questions with multiple parts have been changed into seperate cards, and questions containing the phrase "all of the following except" have been reworded to eliminate this phrase. Other than that, every question is directly off of her review, word-for-word.

One of the traits that made Quakers unpopular in England was...

their refusal to do military service.

Sugar was called a rich man's crop, but not because...

it could be purchased only the by the wealthy.

A major reason for the founding of the Maryland colony was to...

create a refuge for Catholics.

Among the Puritans, it was understood that...

the purpose of government was to enforce God's laws.

Chief Powhatan had Captain John Smith kidnapped in order to...

impress Smith with his power and show the Indian's desire for peace.

The colony of South Carolina prospered by...

developing close economic ties with the British West Indies.

The Proclamation of 1763...

forbade the colonists from going across the Appalachian Mountains.

For their labor in the colonies indentured servants did not receive...

a head right.

Throughout the greater part of the seventeenth century, the Chesapeake colonies acquired most of the labor they needed from...

white servants.

The long-range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to...

achieve colonial unity and common defense against the French threat.

English officials tried to "establish" the Church of England in as many colonies as possible because...

the church would act as a major prop for kingly authority.

The least important economic activity of colonial Americans was...

manufacturing.

In the colonial wars before 1754, Americans...

demonstrated an astonishing lack of unity.

The slave culture that developed in America...

was a uniquely New World creation.

By the mid-eighteenth century, North American colonial governments did not have...

complete democracy.

While slavery might have begun in America for economic reasons,...

racial discrimination also played a major role in molding the American slave system.

The Olive Branch Petition...

professed American loyalty to the crown.

When Parliament passed the Tea Act, colonists thought...

it was a trick to get them to violate their principle of "No taxation without representation."

African Americans during the Revolutionary War....

fought for both the Americans and the British.

As a result of American opposition to the Townshend Acts,...

British officials sent regiments of troops to Boston to restore law and order.

The most drastic measure of the Intolerable Acts was the...

Boston Port Act.

Thomas Paine argued that all government officials should...

derive their authority from popular consent.

Britain gave America generous terms in the Treaty of Paris because British leaders were trying to...

persuade America to abandon its alliance with France.

In some ways, the Navigation Laws were a burden to certain colonists because...

they stifled economic initiative.

When it came to the Revolution, it could be said that the American colonists were...

reluctant revolutionaries.

Under mercantilist doctrine, the American colonies were not expected to...

become economically self-sufficient as soon as possible.

Examples of colonial experience with self-governance, which prepared Americans for a republic, did not include...

militia service.

One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to...

explain to the rest of the world why the colonies had revolted.

By the time the Constitution was adopted in 1789,...

prosperity was beginning to return.

The Land Ordinance of 1785 did not...

prohibit slavery

Thomas Jefferson favored a political system in which...

the states retained the majority of political power.

For its continued success, Hamilton's financial program relied heavily on...

trade with Britain.

Britain made neutrality very difficult for the United States during the French and British conflicts of the 1790s by...

seizing American merchant ships in the West Indies.

The issue that finally touched off the movement toward the Constitutional Convention was...

control of commerce.

The delegate whose contributions to the Philadelphia Convention were so notable that he has been called the "Father of the Constitution" was...

James Madison.

The immediate cause of the undeclared war between the United States and France was...

the XYZ affair.

Thomas Jefferson argued that a landless class of voters could be avoided in part by...

continuing slavery.

Opposition by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to the financial plan of Alexander Hamilton resulted in...

the formation of permanent political parties.

Jay's Treaty did not contain the provision of

a promise by the British to stop selling arms to the Indians.

What was Alexander Hamilton's position on public policy in the 1790s?

Privileges for the upper classes, pro-British, potent central government, and government support for business

What was Alexander Hamilton's position on public policy in the 1790s?

Sympathy for the common people, pay off the national debt, pro-French, and universal education

In Jay's Treaty, the British...

promised to evacuate the chain of forts in the Old Northwest.

The war hawks demanded war with Britain, but not to...

retaliate for the British burning of Washington, D.C.

With the demise of the Federalist Party,...

the Democratic-Republicans established one-party rule.

The Battle of New Orleans...

saw British troops defeated by Andrew Jackson's soldiers.

Lewis and Clark's expedition through the Louisiana Purchase territory did not yield...

treaties with several Indian nations.

Native American leader Tecumseh was killed in 1813 at...

the Battle of the Thames.

At the time it was issued, the Monroe Doctrine was...

incapable of being enforced by the United States.

Thomas Jefferson received the bulk of his support from the...

South and West.

The most devastating defeat suffered by the British during the War of 1812 took place at the Battle of...

New Orleans.

After killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel, Aaron Burr...

plotted to divide the United States.

The purpose behind the spoils system was...

to reward political supporters with public office.

The spoils system under Andrew Jackson resulted in...

the appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials to federal jobs.

The "Father of the Factory System" in the United States was...

Samuel Slater.

The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes was...

forced removal.

In their treatment of Native Americans, white Americans did not...

argue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society.

While Andrew Jackson and his supporters disliked the Bank of the United States, it was not because...

they wanted to put public service first instead of profits.

Texans won their independence as a result of the victory over Mexican armies at ...

the Battle of San Jacinto.

The early factory system distributed its benefits to...

mostly just the owners.

Most slaves in the South were owned by...

plantation owners.

In the Oregon treaty with Britain in 1846, the northern boundary of the United States was established to the Pacific Ocean along the line of...

49º.

One characteristic of the Mormons that angered many non-Mormons was their...

emphasis on cooperative or group effort.

Weaknesses of the slave plantation system did not include...

its land continued to remain in the hands of the small farmers.

For free blacks living in the North,...

discrimination was common.

By 1860, slaves were concentrated in the "black belt" located in the...

Deep South states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

Regarding work assignments, slaves were...

Generally spared dangerous work.

The largest single addition to American territory was...

the Mexican Cession.

Perhaps the slave's greatest horror, and the theme of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, was...

the enforced separation of slave families.

Sexual differences were strongly emphasized in nineteenth-century America because...

the market economy increasingly separated men and women into distinct economic roles.

In the abolitionist movement, Wendell Phillips was a(n)...

orator and abolitionist.

Frederick Douglass is well known for his work as...

a black abolitionist leader.

Elijah P. Lovejoy is known for being a(n)...

martyr for the abolitionist movement.

Arrange the following in chronological order:
(A) annexation of Texas
(B) Webster-Ashburton Treaty
(C) settlement of the Oregon boundary
(D) Aroostook War

(D), (B), (C), (A)

In his quest for California, President James K. Polk...

advocated war with Mexico from the beginning.

In 1856, the breaking point over slavery in Kansas came with...

an attack on Lawrence by a gang of proslavery raiders.

In the Compromise of 1850, Congress determined that slavery in the New Mexico/Utah territories was...

to be decided by popular sovereignty.

The Union's establishment of the National Banking System...

was the first significant step toward a unified banking network since 1836.

Napoleon III's attempt to install Maximilian on the Mexican throne was a clear violation of...

the Monroe Doctrine.

When the people of Britain and France read Uncle Tom's Cabin, their governments realized that...

intervention in the Civil War on behalf of the South would not be popular.

Nativists in the 1850s were known for their...

anti-Catholic and antiforeign attitudes.

The Free Soilers condemned slavery because...

it destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise to self-employment.

The Confederacy's most effective commerce-raider was the...

"Alabama".

The government of the Confederate States of America was first organized in...

Montgomery, Alabama.

The Black Codes did not provide for...

voting for blacks.

The Battle of Antietam was particularly critical because it...

probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy.

The controversy surrounding the Wade-Davis Bill and the readmission of the Confederate states to the Union demonstrated...

the deep differences between President Lincoln and Congress.

During the Civil War Britain and the U.S....

were nearly provoked into war by the Trent affair, involving the removal of Southern diplomats from a British ship.

In the Civil War, the South won the battle of...

Bull Run.

The incident that caused the clash between Congress and President Johnson to explode into the open was...

Johnson's veto of the bill to extend the Freedmen's Bureau.

President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction...

differed radically from Lincoln's.

Reconstruction might have been more successful if...

Thaddeus Steven's radical program of drastic economic reforms and stronger protection of political rights had been enacted.

The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to...

issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

Methods used by Ku Klux Klan members to achieve their goal of white supremacy included...

beatings, scare tactics, murder, and mutilation.

In 1865, Southern Blacks...

often began traveling to test their freedom, search family members, and seek economic opportunity.

Both moderate and radical Republicans agreed that...

freed slaves must be granted the right to vote.

Which one of the following is least related to the other three?
•Ku Klux Klan
•scalawags
•carpetbaggers
•freedmen
•the Union League

The Ku Klux Klan.

Radical congressional Reconstruction of the South finally ended when...

the last federal troops were removed in 1877.

The white South viewed the Freedmen's Bureau as...

a meddlesome federal agency that threatened to upset white racial dominance.

The Crédit Mobilier scandal involved...

railroad construction kickbacks.

At the end of Reconstruction, Southern whites disenfranchised African-Americans with...

literacy requirements, poll taxes, economic intimidation, and grandfather clauses.

Many feminist leaders were disappointed with the Fourteenth Amendment because it...

failed to give women the right to vote.

By their actions, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention did not manifested their common beliefs in...

manhood-suffrage democracy.

What is a compromise in the Constitution?

Continuation of the foreign slave trade.

What did not influence transcendental thought?

Catholic beliefs.

Plantation agriculture was wasteful largely because...

its excessive cultivation of cotton despoiled good land.

William Henry Harrison, the Whig party's presidential candidate in 1840, was made to look like...

a poor western farmer.

Shays's Rebellion was provoked by...

foreclosures on the mortgages of backcountry farmers.

In ruling on the Dred Scott case, the United States Supreme Court...

ruled that Congress had no authority to exclude slavery from the federal territories.

Who received the most popular votes in the election of 1824?

Andrew Jackson.

Who was eliminated as a candidate when the election of 1824 was thrown into the House of Representatives?

Henry Clay.

Who was vice president on the ticket of two presidential candidates in 1824?

John C. Calhoun.

According to the principle of "popular sovereignty," the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by...

the vote of the people in any given territory.

The main purpose of the Black Codes was to...

ensure a stable labor supply.

John C. Calhoun's "South Carolina Exposition" was an argument for...

state's rights.

The Panic of 1837 was not caused by...

taking the country off the gold standard.

John C. Calhoun's plan to protect the South and slavery involved...

the election of two presidents, one from the North and one from the South.

Andrew Jackson's inauguration as president symbolized the...

return of Jeffersonian simplicity.

The prime objective of Manifest Destiny in the 1850s was...

Cuba.

In the late nineteenth century, those political candidates who campaigned by "waving the bloody shirt" was reminding voters...

of the "treason" of the Confederate Democrats during the Civil War.

The Crédit Mobilier scandal involved

railroad construction kickbacks, involving the Union Pacific Railroad.

The Compromise of 1877 resulted in...

end of Reconstruction in the South.

In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that...

"separate but equal" facilities were constitutional.

The United States changed to standard time zones when...

the major rail lines decreed common fixed times so that they could keep schedules and avoid wrecks.

The first federal regulatory agency designed to protect the public interest from business combinations was the...

Interstate Commerce Commission.

The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was at first primarily used to curb the power of...

Labor unions.

The Knights of Labor believed that conflict between capital and labor would disappear when...

labor would operate business and industries.

The most effective and most enduring labor union of the post-Civil War period was the...

American Federation of Labor.

Historians critical of the captains of industry and capitalism concede that class-based protest has never been a powerful force in the United States because...

few Europeans brought their political philosophies to the United States.

The major factor in drawing country people off the farms and into the big cities was...

the availability of industrial jobs.

Labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were not...

opposed to factory labor.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set