Hudson River School
a group of American artists who painted landscapes of New York's Hudson River Valley in the mid-1800s.
New England writers and thinkers who believed that most important truths in life transcended, or went beyond, human reason.
a concept that stresses the importance of each individual.
an idea that people have a right to disobey laws they consider to be unjust, if their consciences demand it.
American Colonization Society
an early 1800s organization that proposed to end slavery by helping African Americans move to Africa.
a person who wanted to end slavery.
a most influential antislavery newspaper; begun by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831.
a network of abolitionists who secretly helped slaves escape to freedom.
an organized attempt to improve what is unjust or imperfect in society.
a Protestant idea that God decided in advance which would attain salvation after death.
Second Great Awakening
a widespread religious movement in the United States in the early 1800s.
a large outdoor religious meeting.
a person who cannot pay money he or she owes.
a campaign against alcohol consumption.
Seneca Falls Convention
an 1848 meeting at which leaders of the women's rights movement called for equal rights for women.
women's rights movement
an organized campaign to win property, education, and other rights for women.