This invention encouraged the spread of controversial religious ideas during the Age of the Reformation.
The political institution which allows the citizens to be involved in the decision making process of government.
This city-state of ancient Greece is most credited with introducing democracy to Western Civilization
This empire declined due to political corruption, foreign invasion, economic inflation, and poor order of succession for rulers.
This event accelerated the revival of commerce and cultural diffusion between Europe and the East.
Justinians Code and the 12 Tables
These legal codes represent Rome's greatest historical legacy.
This book's thesis promoted a political philosophy of "the ends justify the means". The leader should do whatever is necessary to achieve their goals.
The English Bill of Rights
This document helped end the Glorious Revolution and limit the power of the monarch.
Water routes helped this group of Northern European cities establish trade and commerce.
This era in history saw the expansion of trade and commerce in overseas markets.
The political system where government policies were determined by the monarch, with no regard to parliament or the people.
This political system of the Middle Ages was the result of the fall of Rome and the decentralized political environment.
This Renaissance philosophy encouraged the individual qualities of people, and the growth of art.
Two Treatise of Government
This political treatise challenged the abusive authority of the kings and looked to preserve individual rights.
Baron de Montesquieu
This Enlightened philosopher promoted the separation of powers in government to avoid tyranny.
The French Revolution
This turning point in Europe primarily caused by economic inequalities amongst classes, saw the transfer of power from the king to the people.
The political system where kings and queens rule according to "God's law" and make all decisions of government.
The individuals desire to challenge traditional views and thoughts about religion, science, politics and economics. Born out of the Renaissance, and contributed to the Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and Enlightenment.
The Columbian Exchange
The trade between the Western Hemisphere and the rest of the world that brought new foods and products to these regions.
The empire born out of the Eastern Roman Empire that preserved Greek and Roman Culture.
The global transfer of food, plants, and animals during the colonization of America.
Natural Rights of Man
The ideas of the Enlightenment philosophers which encouraged political revolution.
The name given to the Eastern Portion of the Roman Empire following the fall of the west.
A political system following the fall of the Roman Empire that created a rigid social class system.
French Revolution Causes
Bankruptcy due to wars, unequal taxation, inflation, and Old Regime abuses.
An intellectual era which saw the belief that government decisions should be based on the laws of nature and reason.
A great architectural beauty and an important monument both for Byzantine and for Ottoman Empires. Once a church, later a mosque, and now a museum at the Turkish Republic,
Justinian Code, was the result of Emperor Justinian's desire that existing Roman law be collected into a simple and clear system of laws, or "code."
The introduction of new laws and business institutions that promote the growth of trade.
An era when individuals utilized observation, experimentation, inductive and deductive reasoning in search of the truth.
These were utilized to unite the Roman Empire and provide the military easy access to parts of the Empire.
A relationship between the lord and vassal where common interests benefited both groups.
This economic system was a self sufficient agricultural system that followed the fall of the Roman Empire.
A strong centralized political system that dominated much of the Mediterranean world of ancient times.
The idea of religious diversity and the creation of new Christian denominations, that resulted from the Protestant Reformation.
This independent country is formed of a group of people who share a common language, culture, and history.