Ch 9 Urinary System

45 terms by FHS_MsLandry

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anuria

absence of urine formation

catheterization

using a tube inserted into the bladder or vessels to obtain specimens, to look, or to keep the vessel open

cystalgia

pain in the urinary bladder

cystectomy

surgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder

cystopexy

the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall

diuresis

increased formation and secretion of urine

dysuria

painful or difficult urination

enuresis

involuntary discharge of urine

epispadias

a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the kidney glomerulus

glomerulus

a ball of capillaries surrounded by a glomerular capsule in the nephron; the site of filtration in the kidneys

hemodialysis

dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream

hydronephrosis

accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter

hydroureter

the distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked

hypospadias

an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis

incontinence

involuntary urination or defecation

interstitial cystitis

chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder

meatotomy

Incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening.

micturition

the process of urinating

nephrectasis

the distention (enlarged or stretched) of the pelvis or kidney

nephroptosis

downward displacement of a kidney

nephropyosis

discharge or formation of pus in the kidney

nephrotic syndrome

a group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in the urine

nocturia

excessive urination at night

oliguria

production of an abnormally small amount of urine

paraspadias

a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethral opening is on the side of the penis

peritoneal dialysis

procedure for removing toxic wastes when the kidney is unable to do so

polyuria

excessive urination

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection

uremia

excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure

ureterectasis

distention of the ureter

vesicovaginal fissure

an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina

dia-

through

-cele

hernia

cyst/o

urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)

-ectasis

expansion or dilation of an organ

glomerul/o

glomerulus (small ball)

nephr/o

kidney

-pexy

surgical fixation

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ren/o

kidney

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

-uria

urination, condition of urine

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