type 1 diabetes
when the body's immune system destroys beta cells, the cells in the pancreas responsible for making insulin. There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Persons who have this type of diabete requires injections of::
(outside the body)insulin to maintain life because they produce little or no:
(inside the body) insulin on their own
excess production of ketone bodies leading to ketoacidosis (metabolic acidosis).
type 1 diabetes formerly called juvenile diabetes.
ketosis prone diabetes because of it typical early onset and potential for keoacidosis.
type 2 diabetes
formerly called non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), comprises 90% to 95% of all known cases of diabetes
as the need for insulin arises the pancreas graduallly loses the ability to produce it. Type 2 diabetes has a tendency to develop later in life than type 1 and these pts. rarely develop diabetic ketoacidosis.
signs and symptoms & diagnosis
American Diabetes Assoc (ADA) recommend screening of all adults esp. overweight for type 2 diabetes starting at 45 - repeated every 3 years using fasing blood glucose
elevated blood glucose